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Open AccessArticle

Oral Health Status and the Impact on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among the Institutionalized Elderly Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Area of Southern Italy

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Department of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Catanzaro “Magna Græcia”, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
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Department of Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Catanzaro “Magna Græcia”, Via T. Campanella, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
3
Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, 87100 Cosenza, Italy
4
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Via L. Armanni, 5, 80138 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Katherine Chiu Man Leung and Chun Hung Chu
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2175; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042175
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Care for Elderly and Special Groups)
Background: The objectives of this study were to describe the oral health status in the institutionalized geriatric population in an area of southern Italy and to identify the impact of oral health on the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). Methods: Data were collected from individuals aged ≥60 years in randomly selected Calabrian long-term care facilities. The dental health status was assessed recording the decayed, missing, or filled dental elements due to the carious lesions (DMFT) index, the presence of visible dental plaque, and the gingival condition. The influence of the dental health status on the self-perceived value of life was assessed using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Results: Among the 344 elderly individuals included, 18.4% reported frequent tooth-brushing, and only 39.9% reported the need of dental care. The DMFT index was 26.4. Less than a third of the participants had a GOHAI score of ≤50 which is suggestive of highly compromised OHRQoL. The GOHAI score was significantly better for elderly individuals with no self-perceived need of dental care and with a lower DMFT index. Conclusions: The burden of oral conditions among residents in long-term care facilities was considerable, with a high prevalence of missing teeth and dentures. Strategies targeting care providers are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: elderly; GOHAI; oral health; oral health impact; quality of life elderly; GOHAI; oral health; oral health impact; quality of life
MDPI and ACS Style

Bianco, A.; Mazzea, S.; Fortunato, L.; Giudice, A.; Papadopoli, R.; Nobile, C.G.A.; Pavia, M. Oral Health Status and the Impact on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among the Institutionalized Elderly Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Area of Southern Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2175. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042175

AMA Style

Bianco A, Mazzea S, Fortunato L, Giudice A, Papadopoli R, Nobile CGA, Pavia M. Oral Health Status and the Impact on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among the Institutionalized Elderly Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Area of Southern Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2175. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042175

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bianco, Aida; Mazzea, Silvia; Fortunato, Leonzio; Giudice, Amerigo; Papadopoli, Rosa; Nobile, Carmelo G.A.; Pavia, Maria. 2021. "Oral Health Status and the Impact on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among the Institutionalized Elderly Population: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Area of Southern Italy" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 2175. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042175

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