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Article

Daily Work-Family Conflict and Burnout to Explain the Leaving Intentions and Vitality Levels of Healthcare Workers: Interactive Effects Using an Experience-Sampling Method

1
Faculty of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
The School of Nursing, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Emilia Inmaculada De la Fuente-Solana, Guillermo A. Cañadas-De la Fuente, Luis Albendín-García and José Luis Gómez-Urquiza
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1932; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041932
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 27 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Burnout Syndrome and Prevention)
There is an intensification of work in global health systems, a phenomenon that could increase work-family conflict, exhaustion, and intentions to leave among healthcare workers. The main objective of this study is to analyze if daily work-family conflict and burnout could explain the daily leaving intentions and vitality of healthcare workers. This is a diary study, which employs an experience-sampling methodology (ESM). A total of 56 physicians, nurses, and nursing aides from intensive care and nephrology units filled out various quantitative scales during 5 working days (56 × 5 = 280 observations). Multilevel hierarchical analysis showed that daily work-family conflict and burnout were significantly associated with higher daily intentions of leaving the profession, and with lower levels of daily vitality. In addition, those workers who experienced more work-family conflict and depersonalization on a daily basis were those who showed more intentions to leave and less daily vitality, showing an interactive effect. The results highlight the importance of examining the psychosocial risks experienced by healthcare workers by employing experience-sampling methodologies, which could help us to deepen our understanding of the proximal antecedents of their intentions to leave and their psychological well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: work-family conflict; burnout; leaving intentions; vitality; diary study; experience-sampling method; healthcare workers work-family conflict; burnout; leaving intentions; vitality; diary study; experience-sampling method; healthcare workers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Blanco-Donoso, L.M.; Moreno-Jiménez, J.; Hernández-Hurtado, M.; Cifri-Gavela, J.L.; Jacobs, S.; Garrosa, E. Daily Work-Family Conflict and Burnout to Explain the Leaving Intentions and Vitality Levels of Healthcare Workers: Interactive Effects Using an Experience-Sampling Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1932. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041932

AMA Style

Blanco-Donoso LM, Moreno-Jiménez J, Hernández-Hurtado M, Cifri-Gavela JL, Jacobs S, Garrosa E. Daily Work-Family Conflict and Burnout to Explain the Leaving Intentions and Vitality Levels of Healthcare Workers: Interactive Effects Using an Experience-Sampling Method. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1932. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041932

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blanco-Donoso, Luis M., Jennifer Moreno-Jiménez, Mercedes Hernández-Hurtado, José L. Cifri-Gavela, Stephen Jacobs, and Eva Garrosa. 2021. "Daily Work-Family Conflict and Burnout to Explain the Leaving Intentions and Vitality Levels of Healthcare Workers: Interactive Effects Using an Experience-Sampling Method" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1932. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041932

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