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Process Evaluation of an Operational-Level Job Stress Intervention Aimed at Decreasing Sickness Absence among Public Sector Employees in Sweden

1
Region Västra Götaland, The Institute of Stress Medicine, 413 19 Gothenburg, Sweden
2
Department of Sociology and Work Science, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
3
Social Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
4
Occupational Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1778; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041778
Received: 16 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 7 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Burnout & Job Stress Interventions)
Work-related sickness absence carries large societal costs, and interventions aimed at decreasing sickness absence need to be performed in an effective way. This study evaluated the implementation process of an operational-level job stress intervention, implemented between 2017 and 2018 in the public sector, by assessing the extent to which the allocated resources reached the intended target group, if the planned measures could be expected to address the relevant work environmental challenges, and if the planned measures were implemented. Data were collected from applications for funding in the intervention (n = 154), structured interviews (n = 20), and register data on sickness absence (n = 2912) and working conditions (n = 1477). Thematic analysis was used to classify the level of the work environmental challenges, the level and perspective of the suggested measures, and the “measure-to-challenge correspondence”. Overall, participating workplaces (n = 71) had both higher sickness absence (p = 0.01) and worse reported working conditions compared to their corresponding reference groups. A measure-to-challenge correspondence was seen in 42% of the measures, and individual-level measures were mostly suggested for organisational-level work environment challenges. Almost all planned measures (94%) were ultimately implemented. When performing operational-level interventions, managers and their human resource partners need support in designing measures that address the work environmental challenges at their workplace. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational health; public sector; workplace intervention; process evaluation; organizational; sickness absence occupational health; public sector; workplace intervention; process evaluation; organizational; sickness absence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Severin, J.; Björk, L.; Corin, L.; Jonsdottir, I.H.; Akerstrom, M. Process Evaluation of an Operational-Level Job Stress Intervention Aimed at Decreasing Sickness Absence among Public Sector Employees in Sweden. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041778

AMA Style

Severin J, Björk L, Corin L, Jonsdottir IH, Akerstrom M. Process Evaluation of an Operational-Level Job Stress Intervention Aimed at Decreasing Sickness Absence among Public Sector Employees in Sweden. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041778

Chicago/Turabian Style

Severin, Jonathan; Björk, Lisa; Corin, Linda; Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg H.; Akerstrom, Magnus. 2021. "Process Evaluation of an Operational-Level Job Stress Intervention Aimed at Decreasing Sickness Absence among Public Sector Employees in Sweden" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 1778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041778

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