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Article

Burnout, Positivity and Passion in Young Mexican Athletes: The Mediating Effect of Social Support

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Autonomous University of Baja California (UABC), 22260 Tijuana, Mexico
2
Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication, Catholic University of Murcia (UCAM), 30107 Guadalupe, Spain
3
Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Autonomous University of Baja California (UABC), 22390 Tijuana, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Emilia Inmaculada De la Fuente-Solana, Guillermo A. Cañadas-De la Fuente, Luis Albendín-García and José Luis Gómez-Urquiza
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1757; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041757
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 27 January 2021 / Accepted: 1 February 2021 / Published: 11 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Burnout Syndrome and Prevention)
The burnout syndrome is a negative experience for athlete development and it has been demonstrated that it gets worse when a sport is practiced in an obsessive way. Interventions with a positive view towards sports could be a protective factor to boost the athlete’s wellbeing. The aim of the present study was to analyse the mediator effect from social support, the relationship between the burnout, positivity and passion in young Mexican athletes. The sample was composed by 452 Mexican athletes, males and females (women 45%), from 12 to 18 years of age (M = 16.29, SD = 1.66). Participants answered the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire, The Scale of the Social Support Perceived by Athletes, the Passion Scale and the Positivity Scale. The results of structural equation modeling showed a good adjustment model (χ2 = 889.213; df = 274; χ2/df = 3.245; p ˂ 0.01; CFI = 0.93; TLI = 0.91; IFI = 0.94; NFI = 0.91; RMSEA = 0.07). The harmonious passion presented direct and indirect effects on the burnout, being the perceived social support the mediator variable of the indirect effect. The positivity resulted positive predictor from the social support (β = 0.714, p ˂ 0.001) and social support predicted the burnout (β = −0.270, p ˂ 0.005). The obsessive passion had a direct effect over burnout (β = 0.627, p ˂ 0.001). Developing negative commitments to sports could be an indicator of a greater risk of experiencing individual conflicts that lead to sports burnout. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; passion; positivity; social support; athletes burnout; passion; positivity; social support; athletes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Alvarado, J.R.; Aguiar Palacios, L.H.; Chávez-Flores, Y.V.; Berengüí, R.; Asadi-González, A.A.; Magallanes Rodríguez, A.G. Burnout, Positivity and Passion in Young Mexican Athletes: The Mediating Effect of Social Support. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1757. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041757

AMA Style

Martínez-Alvarado JR, Aguiar Palacios LH, Chávez-Flores YV, Berengüí R, Asadi-González AA, Magallanes Rodríguez AG. Burnout, Positivity and Passion in Young Mexican Athletes: The Mediating Effect of Social Support. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1757. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041757

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Alvarado, Julio R., Luis H. Aguiar Palacios, Yolanda V. Chávez-Flores, Rosendo Berengüí, Ahmed A. Asadi-González, and Ana G. Magallanes Rodríguez 2021. "Burnout, Positivity and Passion in Young Mexican Athletes: The Mediating Effect of Social Support" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1757. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041757

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