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Review

Relationship between Urban Green Spaces and Cancer: A Scoping Review

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EHESP, French School of Public Health, Av du Pr Léon Bernard, 35043 Rennes CEDEX, France
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Arènes UMR CNRS 6051, Université Rennes 1, 140 Bd de la Duchesse Anne, 35700 Rennes, France
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Inserm, EHESP, Irset (Institut de Recherche en Santé, Environnement et Travail)—UMR_S 1085, Univ. Rennes, 35043 Rennes, France
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Laboratoire Dynamiques Sociales et Recomposition des Espaces (LADYSS UMR CNRS 7533), Université Paris-Nanterre, 92001 Nanterre, France
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Campus Biotech—Chemin des Mines 9, Institut de Santé Globale, Université de Genève, 1202 Genève, Switzerland
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Equipe MesRI-Inserm U1219, Université de Bordeaux, 146 Rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France
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EpidermE, Univ. Paris Est Creteil, 94010 Creteil, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1751; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041751
Received: 8 January 2021 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 7 February 2021 / Published: 11 February 2021
This scoping study aims to explore the relationships between urban green spaces (UGSs) and the onset, remission and recovery of cancer. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension for scoping reviews (protocol published in 2018). Eligibility criteria for papers were: (1) to be concerned with UGSs, (2) reporting effects of UGSs on cancer-related outcomes including direct or indirect measures, (3) reporting randomized controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, case studies, observational studies, non-comparative studies, (4) in English or French. The search covered primary studies in the published and unpublished (grey) literatures searching by hand and electronic databases (MEDLINE, Green File, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and ScienceDirect). Among 1703 records screened by two reviewers independently, 29 were included for qualitative synthesis. We classify the cancers concerned and the effects reported i.e., protective effect, risk or without association. The most investigated cancers are bladder, breast and lung cancer. Our study also identified contributing factors and their mediating effects between UGSs and cancer. Even though the strength of the evidence of the associations between UGSs and cancer is still weak due to the low number of studies and their design, results highlight the wide variety of possible mediating factors between the use of green spaces and cancer occurrence, remission and/or prevention. Knowledge gaps and future research perspectives should be oriented to qualitative research on protective factors with an attention to equity in UGS access and use. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban green spaces; cancer; risk factors; contributing factors; scoping review urban green spaces; cancer; risk factors; contributing factors; scoping review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Porcherie, M.; Linn, N.; Le Gall, A.R.; Thomas, M.-F.; Faure, E.; Rican, S.; Simos, J.; Cantoreggi, N.; Vaillant, Z.; Cambon, L.; Regnaux, J.-P. Relationship between Urban Green Spaces and Cancer: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1751. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041751

AMA Style

Porcherie M, Linn N, Le Gall AR, Thomas M-F, Faure E, Rican S, Simos J, Cantoreggi N, Vaillant Z, Cambon L, Regnaux J-P. Relationship between Urban Green Spaces and Cancer: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1751. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041751

Chicago/Turabian Style

Porcherie, Marion, Nyan Linn, Anne R. Le Gall, Marie-Florence Thomas, Emmanuelle Faure, Stéphane Rican, Jean Simos, Nicola Cantoreggi, Zoé Vaillant, Linda Cambon, and Jean-Philippe Regnaux. 2021. "Relationship between Urban Green Spaces and Cancer: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1751. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041751

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