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Article

Challenges in the Prevention of Cervical Cancer in Romania

1
Faculty of Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Department of Marketing, Tourism Services and International Affairs, Transilvania University of Braşov, Colina Universității Street, no. 1, Building A, Braşov 500068, Romania
2
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Transilvania University of Braşov, B-dul Eroilor 29, 500036 Brașov, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1721; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041721
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 25 January 2021 / Accepted: 3 February 2021 / Published: 10 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer as a Public Health Problem--Prevention of Cancer)
Approximately every two hours, a Romanian woman is diagnosed with cervical cancer as the country ranks first in the EU in terms of its mortality rate. This paper aims to identify the main reasons that have led to this situation. First, a study based on secondary data was conducted in order to identify measures taken by the Romanian Ministry of Health for the prevention of this type of cancer. Second, a quantitative study was conducted to evaluate the impact that exposure to information and awareness campaigns has on women’s behavior regarding cervical cancer prevention through screening. The results of the research show an increased percentage of the women understanding the importance of screening and the benefits of early diagnosis, but also shows that a high percentage of women postpone the routine checks due to lack of time and financial resources. The research results also indicate that the only free screening program implemented in Romania during 2012–2017 was a failure due to poor procedures, low number of women tested, underfunding and the lack of promotion. Our conclusion is that the Romanian Ministry of Health has to take immediate action by conducting major awareness campaigns and also by implementing functional screening programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: cervical cancer; prevention; screening programs cervical cancer; prevention; screening programs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Todor, R.D.; Bratucu, G.; Moga, M.A.; Candrea, A.N.; Marceanu, L.G.; Anastasiu, C.V. Challenges in the Prevention of Cervical Cancer in Romania. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1721. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041721

AMA Style

Todor RD, Bratucu G, Moga MA, Candrea AN, Marceanu LG, Anastasiu CV. Challenges in the Prevention of Cervical Cancer in Romania. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1721. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041721

Chicago/Turabian Style

Todor, Raluca D., Gabriel Bratucu, Marius A. Moga, Adina N. Candrea, Luigi G. Marceanu, and Costin V. Anastasiu. 2021. "Challenges in the Prevention of Cervical Cancer in Romania" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1721. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041721

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