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Open AccessArticle

Identification of Nutritional Targets in Spanish Children Belonging to the LAyDI Cohort for the Development of Health Promotion Strategies in the First Two Years of Life

1
Area of Physiology, Department of Functional Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Julián Claveria, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
2
Group Diet, Microbiota and Health, Instituto de Investigaciones Sanitarias del Principado de Asturias (ISPA), Avd. Roma, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
3
Group Comprehensive Approach to Childhood Overweight, Instituto de Investigaciones Sanitarias del Principado de Asturias (ISPA), Avd. Roma, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
4
Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics (AEPap), Avda. de Burgos, 28036 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry of Dairy Products, Instituto de Productos Lácteos de Asturias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IPLA-CSIC), Paseo Río Linares, 33300 Villaviciosa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 939; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030939
Received: 11 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Factors, Children’s Health and Safety)
The first 1000 days of life seem to represent the temporal window of opportunity for modulating some of the risk factors associated with the later development of pathologies. Nonetheless, the dietary pattern and nutritional status of children receiving complementary feeding is still understudied. We aimed to assess the food intake in children from the LAyDI cohort (Spain) at 18 and 24 months of age and evaluate this in relation to nutrient requirements and bioactive compound consumption. This was a prospective and multicenter study analyzing information from administered questionnaires about general characteristics and food frequency consumption in 426 children of 18 months and 336 of 24 months. The observed intake of vegetables, fruits, dairy, and eggs was lower than the recommendations in both periods, contrary to the consumption of meat, fish, and pulses. The consumption of energy and macronutrients was similar for all ages studied, with protein intake being slightly higher than the recommended values. Regarding micronutrients, practically the whole sample fell below the vitamin D requirements. In addition, the estimated daily intakes of vitamin E and iron, at 24 months, were below the recommended values for this population group. The mean intake of phenols was around 650 mg/day. Flavanol intake as well as both types of fiber decreased from 18 to 24 months. In conclusion, although these results have to be confirmed in other populations, it seems pertinent to propose the design of nutritional strategies aimed at increasing the intake of vitamins D and E as well as iron in Spanish children up to 2 years. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; dietary pattern; nutrient intake; nutritional targets; vitamin D children; dietary pattern; nutrient intake; nutritional targets; vitamin D
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Martín, M.; Domínguez, B.; Gueimonde, M.; González, S. Identification of Nutritional Targets in Spanish Children Belonging to the LAyDI Cohort for the Development of Health Promotion Strategies in the First Two Years of Life. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 939. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030939

AMA Style

Gómez-Martín M, Domínguez B, Gueimonde M, González S. Identification of Nutritional Targets in Spanish Children Belonging to the LAyDI Cohort for the Development of Health Promotion Strategies in the First Two Years of Life. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):939. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030939

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gómez-Martín, María; Domínguez, Begoña; Gueimonde, Miguel; González, Sonia. 2021. "Identification of Nutritional Targets in Spanish Children Belonging to the LAyDI Cohort for the Development of Health Promotion Strategies in the First Two Years of Life" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 939. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030939

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