Next Article in Journal
Correction: Lyons-Weiler, J., et al. Relative Incidence of Office Visits and Cumulative Rates of Billed Diagnoses along the Axis of Vaccination. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8674
Next Article in Special Issue
Telomere Shortening and Accelerated Aging in US Military Veterans
Previous Article in Journal
Kinematic Analysis of 2-Point and 3-Point Jump Shot of Elite Young Male and Female Basketball Players
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dietary Intake and Elevated C-Reactive Protein Levels in US Military Veterans
Open AccessArticle

Mental Health and Psychosocial Functioning in Recently Separated U.S. Women Veterans: Trajectories and Bi-Directional Relationships

1
College of Social Work, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
2
National Center for PTSD Women’s Health Sciences Division, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
3
Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
4
Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jud Janak
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 935; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030935
Received: 9 December 2020 / Revised: 11 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
Prior research on the relationship between veterans’ mental health and psychosocial functioning has primarily relied on male samples. Here, we investigated prospective longitudinal relationships between mental health and psychosocial functioning in 554 female Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans who were surveyed three times between two- and seven-years following separation from service. Mixed effects modeling revealed that increasing depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity predicted declines in work functioning. Increasing PTSD severity predicted declining parental functioning and worsening depression predicted a decline in relationship functioning. In turn, decreased work and intimate relationship functioning predicted increased PTSD and depression symptom severity suggesting bi-directional effects between mental health and psychosocial functioning. An examination of the effect of deployment stressors on psychosocial functioning revealed that deployment sexual harassment was the strongest predictor of decreased psychosocial functioning across all domains. Evidence for the reciprocal nature of relationships between mental health and psychosocial functioning underscore the need for treatment targeted at PTSD and depression, as well as work and relationship functioning to improve outcomes for women veterans. View Full-Text
Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder; depressive disorder; sexual harassment; veterans’ health; occupational health; functional impairment posttraumatic stress disorder; depressive disorder; sexual harassment; veterans’ health; occupational health; functional impairment
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lawrence, K.A.; Vogt, D.; Dugan, A.J.; Nigam, S.; Slade, E.; Smith, B.N. Mental Health and Psychosocial Functioning in Recently Separated U.S. Women Veterans: Trajectories and Bi-Directional Relationships. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 935. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030935

AMA Style

Lawrence KA, Vogt D, Dugan AJ, Nigam S, Slade E, Smith BN. Mental Health and Psychosocial Functioning in Recently Separated U.S. Women Veterans: Trajectories and Bi-Directional Relationships. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):935. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030935

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lawrence, Karen A.; Vogt, Dawne; Dugan, Adam J.; Nigam, Shawn; Slade, Emily; Smith, Brian N. 2021. "Mental Health and Psychosocial Functioning in Recently Separated U.S. Women Veterans: Trajectories and Bi-Directional Relationships" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 935. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030935

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop