Next Article in Journal
Mental Health and Psychosocial Functioning in Recently Separated U.S. Women Veterans: Trajectories and Bi-Directional Relationships
Next Article in Special Issue
Young Swimmers’ Middle-Distance Performance Variation within a Training Season
Previous Article in Journal
Experience and Health-Related Behavior in Times of the Corona Crisis in Germany: An Exploratory Psychological Survey Considering the Identification of Compliance-Enhancing Strategies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Relationship between Biological Maturation, Physical Fitness, and Kinanthropometric Variables of Young Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Kinematic Analysis of 2-Point and 3-Point Jump Shot of Elite Young Male and Female Basketball Players

1
Department of Sports, Faculty of Sports Studies, Masaryk University, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Laboratory for Sports Games, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 934; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030934
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Training and Performance in Youth Sports)
Basketball shooting is one of the most important offensive skills in basketball. Winning or losing a game mostly depends on the shooting effectiveness. The study aims to compare the selected kinematic variables of 2-point (2-pt) and 3-point (3-pt) jump shots (after making a cut and receiving the ball) and ascertain the differences between elite male under 16 and 18 (U16M, U18M) and female under 16 and 18 (U16F, U18F) basketball players. Overall, forty-eight young male and female basketball players participated in the study. 3D motion analysis using an inertial suit with the addition of utilizing a smart ball was performed for assessing the 2-pt and 3-pt shooting techniques. Players in male categories shot for 2-pt with a higher center of mass difference in the vertical direction (U16M 5.7 cm, U18M 3.9 cm vs. U16F 1.4 cm, U18F 0.6 cm), with higher release shoulder angle (U16M 110.9, U18M 113.8 vs. U16F 103, U18F 105), and with a higher entry angle of the ball (U16M 34, U18M 32 vs. U16F 30, U18F 30) when compared to female categories (p < 0.001). In the 3-pt shooting, there were differences between male and female categories in the shoulder angle when releasing the ball (p < 0.001). In the players shooting speed, there were differences between U16M vs. U18F (0.95 ± 0.1 vs. 0.88 ± 0.1; p = 0.03) and U16F vs. U18F (0.96 ± 0.06 vs. 0.88 ± 0.1; p = 0.02) players. Male categories shot 3-pt shots with a smaller center of mass difference in the horizontal direction when compared to 2-pt shots (p < 0.001). The entry angle was higher in successful shooting attempts compared to unsuccessful shooting attempts when shooting for 3-pt (p = 0.02). Player shooting speed was higher in all categories (except U18F) when shooting for 3-pt (p < 0.001). It appears that performers show difference in kinematic variables based on distance from the basket. Basketball coaches and players should work to minimize the kinematic differences between 2-pt and 3-pt shooting and to optimize the shooting technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: catch-and-shoot; curl cut; center of mass; shoulder angle; entry angle catch-and-shoot; curl cut; center of mass; shoulder angle; entry angle
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vencúrik, T.; Knjaz, D.; Rupčić, T.; Sporiš, G.; Li, F. Kinematic Analysis of 2-Point and 3-Point Jump Shot of Elite Young Male and Female Basketball Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030934

AMA Style

Vencúrik T, Knjaz D, Rupčić T, Sporiš G, Li F. Kinematic Analysis of 2-Point and 3-Point Jump Shot of Elite Young Male and Female Basketball Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030934

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vencúrik, Tomas; Knjaz, Damir; Rupčić, Tomislav; Sporiš, Goran; Li, Feng. 2021. "Kinematic Analysis of 2-Point and 3-Point Jump Shot of Elite Young Male and Female Basketball Players" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030934

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop