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Article

Self-Esteem, Attitudes toward Love, and Sexual Assertiveness among Pregnant Adolescents

1
Department of Evolutionary and Education Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Sciences Education, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
2
Department of Nursey, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Independent Researchers, Guayaquil, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John Eric Chaplin
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1270; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031270
Received: 7 January 2021 / Revised: 25 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 31 January 2021
Adolescence is a stage of growth and development of great relevance. Unplanned teenage pregnancies can be considered a global public health problem due to the high impact on the present and future of these young people, as well as their possible offspring. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between self-esteem, attitudes toward love, and sexual assertiveness among pregnant and non-pregnant teenagers. We also considered whether their pregnancy was planned or not. The study was conducted with 225 women from Ecuador (34.2% pregnant; Mean age = 16; SD = 1.15). We administered self-reported measures such as the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Love Attitudes Scale, and the Sexual Assertiveness Scale between 2018 and 2019. Self-esteem was higher in adolescents with a planned pregnancy than in those women whose pregnancy was not planned. Pregnant women reported greater acceptance and endorsement of beliefs related to the myth of “soulmate” in comparison to non-pregnant women. Sexual assertiveness related to the negotiation of the use of contraceptive methods was greater in non-pregnant adolescents than in pregnant girls. We discuss the implications of our findings in terms of sexual education and prevention in the sex education field. This study shows differences in self-esteem, attitudes toward love, and sexual assertiveness between pregnant and non-pregnant adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-esteem; attitudes toward love; sexual assertiveness; pregnancy; adolescent self-esteem; attitudes toward love; sexual assertiveness; pregnancy; adolescent
MDPI and ACS Style

Moyano, N.; Granados, R.; Durán, C.A.; Galarza, C. Self-Esteem, Attitudes toward Love, and Sexual Assertiveness among Pregnant Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1270. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031270

AMA Style

Moyano N, Granados R, Durán CA, Galarza C. Self-Esteem, Attitudes toward Love, and Sexual Assertiveness among Pregnant Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1270. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031270

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moyano, Nieves, Reina Granados, Christian A. Durán, and Carlos Galarza. 2021. "Self-Esteem, Attitudes toward Love, and Sexual Assertiveness among Pregnant Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1270. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031270

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