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Article

Changes in Physical Fitness, Dietary Habits and Family Habits for Spanish Children during SARS-CoV-2 Lockdown

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Education Faculty, Elviña University Campus, University of A Coruña, 15008 A Coruña, Spain
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Education Faculty, Physical Education and Sport Area, Interfacultative Building, University of Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
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Research Unit of School Sports, Physical Education and Psychomotricity (UNIDEF), Specific Didactics Department, Research and Diagnostic Methods in Education, Education Faculty, Elviña University Campus, University of A Coruña, 15008 A Coruña, Spain
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Health Economics and Health Services Management Research Group, IDIVAL Valdecilla, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Department of Economics, University of Cantabria, 39006 Santander, Spain
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Education Faculty, Personality, Psychological Assessment and Treatments Area, Interfacultative Building, University of Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Palma Chillón Garzón
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(24), 13293; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413293
Received: 21 November 2021 / Revised: 11 December 2021 / Accepted: 14 December 2021 / Published: 16 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity in Childhood and Adolescence)
Background: habits related to diet and physical activity in children were modified due to the lockdown that Spain had between March and June 2019 because of the health crisis caused by the appearance of SARS-CoV-2. The aim of the study was to know the impact that the lockdown had on physical fitness values in children aged 11–12. Methods: the study consisted of 50 Spanish children aged 11–12 (M = 11.40; SD = 0.50), 33 (66%) boys and 17 (34%) girls. Data collection was performed using the Alpha-Fitness Battery, a validated instrument to assess dietary intake, habits and practices, and an ad hoc survey to collect sociodemographic data and other information relevant to the study. Results: there were significant differences (p < 0.05) in the results of fitness variables measured in the standing long jump, agility speed and aerobic capacity, as well as in the results of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) between, before and after lockdown in both boys and girls. No significant differences were found in measurements of right and left hand grip (p > 0.05). Conclusions: there is evidence of a significant impact of SARS-CoV-2 lockdown on physical fitness values in boys and girls aged 11–12. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2 lockdown; physical fitness; dietary habits; family habits; physical activity; Spanish children SARS-CoV-2 lockdown; physical fitness; dietary habits; family habits; physical activity; Spanish children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos Álvarez, O.; Arufe Giráldez, V.; Cantarero Prieto, D.; Ibáñez García, A. Changes in Physical Fitness, Dietary Habits and Family Habits for Spanish Children during SARS-CoV-2 Lockdown. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 13293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413293

AMA Style

Ramos Álvarez O, Arufe Giráldez V, Cantarero Prieto D, Ibáñez García A. Changes in Physical Fitness, Dietary Habits and Family Habits for Spanish Children during SARS-CoV-2 Lockdown. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(24):13293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413293

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos Álvarez, Oliver, Víctor Arufe Giráldez, David Cantarero Prieto, and Alba Ibáñez García. 2021. "Changes in Physical Fitness, Dietary Habits and Family Habits for Spanish Children during SARS-CoV-2 Lockdown" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 24: 13293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413293

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