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Article

Age-Differentiated Leadership and Healthy Aging at Work: Evidence from the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63103, USA
2
Wilhelm Wundt Institute of Psychology, Leipzig University, 04109 Leipzig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sara Zaniboni, Cristian Balducci and Dave Cadiz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12509; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312509
Received: 27 October 2021 / Revised: 17 November 2021 / Accepted: 25 November 2021 / Published: 27 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Age at Work, Well-Being, and COVID-Related Challenges)
Little is known about the relative influence of age-differentiated leadership on healthy aging at work. Likewise, the age-conditional influence of age-differentiated leadership is understudied, and especially so in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a three-wave longitudinal study, we examined the role that age-differentiated leadership plays in the prediction of work ability, as measured three times over six months (n = 1130) during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany (i.e., December 2019, March 2020, and June 2020). The results suggest that although there were no systematic changes in work ability on average, there was notable within-person variability in work ability over time. Additionally, we find that a balanced approach to age-differentiated leadership that considers the needs of both older and younger employees matters most and complements the positive influence of leader–member exchange for predicting within-person variability in work ability. We also find that older employees’ work ability benefits from an approach to age-differentiated leadership that considers older employee’s needs, whereas younger employees’ work ability especially benefits from leader–member exchange and a balanced approach to age-differentiated leadership. Overall, these results provide initial support for the idea that an age-differentiated approach to leadership is important when considering healthy aging at work. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy aging; work ability; age-differentiated leadership; COVID-19 healthy aging; work ability; age-differentiated leadership; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koziel, R.J.; Friedrich, J.C.; Rudolph, C.W.; Zacher, H. Age-Differentiated Leadership and Healthy Aging at Work: Evidence from the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12509. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312509

AMA Style

Koziel RJ, Friedrich JC, Rudolph CW, Zacher H. Age-Differentiated Leadership and Healthy Aging at Work: Evidence from the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12509. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312509

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koziel, Ryszard J., Jack C. Friedrich, Cort W. Rudolph, and Hannes Zacher. 2021. "Age-Differentiated Leadership and Healthy Aging at Work: Evidence from the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12509. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312509

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