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Self-Care by Muslim Women during Ramadan Fasting to Protect Nutritional and Cardiovascular Health

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 52071 Melilla, Spain
2
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Av. Ilustración, 60, 18016 Granada, Spain
3
Department of Statistics, O.I. Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Av. Investigación, 11, 18016 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12393; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312393
Received: 29 October 2021 / Revised: 22 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Healthy Lifestyle: Health Promotion and Prevention)
The practice of Ramadan involves a series of changes in lifestyle, mainly in eating habits. The research aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of overweight-obesity, the degree of compliance with dietary recommendations and the effects of religious fasting on cardiovascular health among a population of Muslim women living in Melilla, a Spanish city in North Africa. A follow-up cohort study was conducted on 62 healthy adult women (33.6 ± 12.7 years). Anthropometric and body composition parameters were obtained using bioimpedance and dietary records. All of the participants were overweight or obese, especially due to the non-compliance with dietary recommendations; however, more than 60% considered their weight was appropriate or even low. By the end of Ramadan, the women’s body mass index and fat component values had fallen significantly (p < 0.001), but this loss was later recovered. Dietary records revealed an excessive consumption of lipids and sodium, and the presence of a high waist-to-hip ratio. All of these factors are related to cardiovascular risk. In conclusion, promoting nutritional health and encouraging year-round self-care among adult Muslim women is necessary in order to ensure healthy fasting during Ramadan. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ramadan; obesity; bioimpedance; anthropometry; eating habits Ramadan; obesity; bioimpedance; anthropometry; eating habits
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MDPI and ACS Style

López-Bueno, M.; Fernández-Aparicio, Á.; González-Jiménez, E.; Montero-Alonso, M.Á.; Schmidt-RioValle, J. Self-Care by Muslim Women during Ramadan Fasting to Protect Nutritional and Cardiovascular Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12393. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312393

AMA Style

López-Bueno M, Fernández-Aparicio Á, González-Jiménez E, Montero-Alonso MÁ, Schmidt-RioValle J. Self-Care by Muslim Women during Ramadan Fasting to Protect Nutritional and Cardiovascular Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12393. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312393

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-Bueno, Marta, Ángel Fernández-Aparicio, Emilio González-Jiménez, Miguel Á. Montero-Alonso, and Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle. 2021. "Self-Care by Muslim Women during Ramadan Fasting to Protect Nutritional and Cardiovascular Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12393. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312393

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