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Article

The Effect of a Structured Intervention to Improve Motor Skills in Preschool Children: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Nested in a Cohort Study of Danish Preschool Children, the MiPS Study

1
Chiropractic Knowledge Hub, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark
2
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark
3
Basel Academy for Quality and Research in Medicine, Steinenring 6, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Danae Dinkel, Matthew R. Bice and Kyong-Ah Kwon
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12272; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312272
Received: 9 October 2021 / Revised: 16 November 2021 / Accepted: 19 November 2021 / Published: 23 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Promotion of Physical Activity in Early Childhood)
The preschool age seems to be decisive for the development of motor skills and probably the most promising time-window in relation to improvement of motor skills. This trial investigates the effect of an intensive structured intervention to improve motor skills in 3–6-year-old preschool children. A total of 471 Danish preschool children participated in a cluster randomized controlled trial. The intervention was to enhance motor skills, including predefined minimum criteria. Motor skills were measured using the Motor Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) (total and three domains) at baseline and 6-, 18-, and 30-months post-intervention. The effect was estimated by multilevel linear regression with preschool and child included as random effects and adjusted for baseline values. Effect estimates were mainly positive at 6 months, but negative at 30 months with very few statistically significant estimates. In preschools with baseline motor skills scores below average, there was a tendency towards a larger improvement in the intervention group. Future interventions and research should focus on clusters with poor motor skills, as there is larger room for improvement. It remains to be seen whether the intervention can influence general well-being, physical activity, and self-perceived competence, both short- and long-term. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; motor skills; preschool; kindergarten; randomized controlled trial children; motor skills; preschool; kindergarten; randomized controlled trial
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hestbaek, L.; Vach, W.; Andersen, S.T.; Lauridsen, H.H. The Effect of a Structured Intervention to Improve Motor Skills in Preschool Children: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Nested in a Cohort Study of Danish Preschool Children, the MiPS Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312272

AMA Style

Hestbaek L, Vach W, Andersen ST, Lauridsen HH. The Effect of a Structured Intervention to Improve Motor Skills in Preschool Children: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Nested in a Cohort Study of Danish Preschool Children, the MiPS Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312272

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hestbaek, Lise, Werner Vach, Sarah T. Andersen, and Henrik H. Lauridsen. 2021. "The Effect of a Structured Intervention to Improve Motor Skills in Preschool Children: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Nested in a Cohort Study of Danish Preschool Children, the MiPS Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12272. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312272

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