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Article

The Lyme Borreliosis Spatial Footprint in the 21st Century: A Key Study of Slovenia

1
Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
2
Faculty of Education, University of Maribor, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
3
Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 12061; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212061
Received: 29 August 2021 / Revised: 9 November 2021 / Accepted: 15 November 2021 / Published: 17 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease Epidemiology)
After mosquitoes, ticks are the most important vectors of infectious diseases. They play an important role in public health. In recent decades, we discovered new tick-borne diseases; additionally, those that are already known are spreading to new areas because of climate change. Slovenia is an endemic region for Lyme borreliosis and one of the countries with the highest incidence of this disease on a global scale. Thus, the spatial pattern of Slovenian Lyme borreliosis prevalence was modelled with 246 indicators and transformed into 24 uncorrelated predictor variables that were applied in geographically weighted regression and regression tree algorithms. The projected potential shifts in Lyme borreliosis foci by 2050 and 2070 were calculated according to the RCP8.5 climate scenario. These results were further applied to developing a Slovenian Lyme borreliosis infection risk map, which could be used as a preventive decision support system. View Full-Text
Keywords: CART; climate change; MGWR; Lyme disease; infection risk; spatial modelling CART; climate change; MGWR; Lyme disease; infection risk; spatial modelling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Donša, D.; Grujić, V.J.; Pipenbaher, N.; Ivajnšič, D. The Lyme Borreliosis Spatial Footprint in the 21st Century: A Key Study of Slovenia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212061

AMA Style

Donša D, Grujić VJ, Pipenbaher N, Ivajnšič D. The Lyme Borreliosis Spatial Footprint in the 21st Century: A Key Study of Slovenia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):12061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212061

Chicago/Turabian Style

Donša, Daša, Veno J. Grujić, Nataša Pipenbaher, and Danijel Ivajnšič. 2021. "The Lyme Borreliosis Spatial Footprint in the 21st Century: A Key Study of Slovenia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 12061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212061

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