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Article

The Impact of COVID-19 on Preschool-Aged Children’s Movement Behaviors in Hong Kong: A Longitudinal Analysis of Accelerometer-Measured Data

1
The Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, Kwok Sports Building, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
2
Early Start, Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marieke De Craemer
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 11907; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211907
Received: 24 September 2021 / Revised: 1 November 2021 / Accepted: 11 November 2021 / Published: 12 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 24-Hour Movement Behaviours in Children)
During the COVID-19 pandemic, many preschool-aged children were forced to remain indoors due to social distancing measures and school closures. In this study, we examined how children’s movement behaviors (sedentary behaviors, physical activity, and sleep) were affected by the pandemic. Children’s (N = 25, age = 4.4 years, SD = 0.3) movement behaviors were measured before and after the COVID outbreak, respectively. Data collected using accelerometers were analyzed using compositional data analyses. A significant change in the overall time-use composition (F = 5.89, p = 0.002) was found. Results suggested that children spent more time sleeping (8% increase) and in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (16% increase), with less time spent in sedentary behaviors (9% decrease). However, parent reports suggested that children were less active and had more screen time. In conclusion, the current evidence suggests that children’s physical activity is not negatively impacted by the pandemic. However, the continuous surveillance of movement behaviors of young children during the pandemic is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; sleep; screen time; accelerometry moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; sleep; screen time; accelerometry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ng, J.Y.Y.; He, Q.; Chong, K.H.; Okely, A.D.; Chan, C.H.S.; Ha, A.S. The Impact of COVID-19 on Preschool-Aged Children’s Movement Behaviors in Hong Kong: A Longitudinal Analysis of Accelerometer-Measured Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211907

AMA Style

Ng JYY, He Q, Chong KH, Okely AD, Chan CHS, Ha AS. The Impact of COVID-19 on Preschool-Aged Children’s Movement Behaviors in Hong Kong: A Longitudinal Analysis of Accelerometer-Measured Data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):11907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211907

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ng, Johan Y.Y., Qing He, Kar H. Chong, Anthony D. Okely, Cecilia H.S. Chan, and Amy S. Ha. 2021. "The Impact of COVID-19 on Preschool-Aged Children’s Movement Behaviors in Hong Kong: A Longitudinal Analysis of Accelerometer-Measured Data" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 11907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211907

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