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Review

Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Scoping Review

Institute of Sport Economics and Sport Management, German Sport University Cologne, 50933 Cologne, Germany
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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11440; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111440
Received: 8 October 2021 / Revised: 21 October 2021 / Accepted: 29 October 2021 / Published: 30 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sport in the COVID-19 Context)
To counteract the COVIC-19 pandemic, many governments have introduced social distancing measures. While these restrictions helped contain the virus, it had adverse effects on individuals’ mental and physical health—especially children. The aim of the present study is to review the evidence on the effects of COVID-19 restrictions on children’s physical activity and their determinants. A scoping review was conducted in the databases PubMed, Web of Science, SportDiscus, and BISp-Surf. Inclusion criteria were empirical and peer-reviewed studies, youth samples, investigation of COVID-19 restrictions, and investigating changes and/or determinants of physical activity before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Risk of bias was assessed using the checklist by Downs and Black. The search resulted in 1672 studies, of which 84 studies were included in the analysis. The results highlighted a decrease in physical activity during the pandemic, ranging between −10.8 min/day and −91 min/day. If an increase was detected, it related to unstructured and outdoor activities. The main determinants of children’s physical activity during the pandemic were age, gender, socioeconomic background, and the outdoor environment. The results imply that governments need to consider the negative effects that restrictive measures have on children’s physical activity and act to ensure high levels of physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; sports; lockdown; public health exercise; sports; lockdown; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rossi, L.; Behme, N.; Breuer, C. Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11440. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111440

AMA Style

Rossi L, Behme N, Breuer C. Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11440. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rossi, Lea, Nick Behme, and Christoph Breuer. 2021. "Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11440. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111440

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