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Article

Physical Activity Reduction and the Worsening of Gastrointestinal Health Status during the Second COVID-19 Home Confinement in Southern Italy

1
Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute of Gastroenterology, “S. de Bellis” Research Hospital, 70013 Castellana Grotte, Italy
2
Scientific Direction, National Institute of Gastroenterology, “S. de Bellis” Research Hospital, 70013 Castellana Grotte, Italy
3
Laboratory of Nutritional Pathophysiology, National Institute of Gastroenterology, “S. de Bellis” Research Hospital, 70013 Castellana Grotte, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9554; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189554
Received: 21 July 2021 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 7 September 2021 / Published: 10 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sport in the COVID-19 Context)
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in December 2020, the Italian government established a second home confinement during the Christmas holidays. These restrictions offered the opportunity to utilize a well-defined model for observing the consequences of lifestyle changes of healthy individuals. This study aimed at estimating in healthy subjects from Southern Italy the physical activity (PA), the presence and the severity of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, and the association between the possible worsening of GI health status and the PA levels. An adapted version of the International PA Questionnaire-short form (IPAQ-SF) and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) were proposed through Google’s online survey platform in three different periods via WhatsAppTM to 499 healthy subjects (62% females) from Apulia (25%), Calabria (37%), and Campania (38%). Our results showed statistically significant changes during the home confinement: reduced energy expenditure (EE) among overweight subjects (−239.82, 95%CI −405.74; −73.89) or those who had high GSRS total score (−1079.54, 95%CI −2027.43; −131.66). An increase in GSRS total score was observed in overweight subjects, reaching statistical significance in those from Campania. Our study supports the importance of PA to reduce health risks, including those related to the possible onset of GI tract diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; energy expenditure; gastrointestinal tract; GI symptoms; physical activity COVID-19; energy expenditure; gastrointestinal tract; GI symptoms; physical activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bianco, A.; Franco, I.; Osella, A.R.; Giannelli, G.; Riezzo, G.; Bonfiglio, C.; Prospero, L.; Sorino, P.; Russo, F. Physical Activity Reduction and the Worsening of Gastrointestinal Health Status during the Second COVID-19 Home Confinement in Southern Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9554. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189554

AMA Style

Bianco A, Franco I, Osella AR, Giannelli G, Riezzo G, Bonfiglio C, Prospero L, Sorino P, Russo F. Physical Activity Reduction and the Worsening of Gastrointestinal Health Status during the Second COVID-19 Home Confinement in Southern Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9554. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189554

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bianco, Antonella, Isabella Franco, Alberto R. Osella, Gianluigi Giannelli, Giuseppe Riezzo, Caterina Bonfiglio, Laura Prospero, Paolo Sorino, and Francesco Russo. 2021. "Physical Activity Reduction and the Worsening of Gastrointestinal Health Status during the Second COVID-19 Home Confinement in Southern Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9554. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189554

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