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Review

Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review

1
Research Center for Physical Activity and Health, Department of Physical Education, School of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis 88040-900, Brazil
2
Department of Medicine, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Chapecó 89815-899, Brazil
3
Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Ceara, Aracati 62800-000, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Flora Tzelepis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10924; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010924
Received: 29 August 2021 / Revised: 24 September 2021 / Accepted: 30 September 2021 / Published: 17 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multiple Health Risk Factors)
Background: The interaction between physical activity (PA), diet, and sedentary behavior (SB) plays an important role on health-related outcomes. This scoping review (Prospero CRD42018094826) aims to identify and appraise clusters of PA, diet, and SB among youth (0–19 years) according to country income. Methods: Five databases were searched. Fifty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria. Results: Fifty-five cluster types were identified, with greater variety in high-income than lower income countries. The most prevalent profiles were “High SB and consumption of sugar, salt, and beverages (SSB)” (n = 17) and “High PA” (n = 13–5), both of which presented in all income countries. The healthiest profile, “High PA and fruit and vegetables (F&V); Low SB and SSB” (n = 12), was present in upper-middle and high-income countries, while the unhealthiest “Low PA and F&V; High SB and SSB” (n = 6) was present only in high-income countries. Conclusions: High SB and unhealthy diet (SSB) were more prevalent in clusters, mainly in high-income countries. The results support the need for multi-component actions targeting more than one behavior at the same time. View Full-Text
Keywords: cluster analysis; diet; exercise; sedentary behavior cluster analysis; diet; exercise; sedentary behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mello, G.T.d.; Lopes, M.V.V.; Minatto, G.; Costa, R.M.d.; Matias, T.S.; Guerra, P.H.; Filho, V.C.B.; Silva, K.S. Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10924. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010924

AMA Style

Mello GTd, Lopes MVV, Minatto G, Costa RMd, Matias TS, Guerra PH, Filho VCB, Silva KS. Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10924. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010924

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mello, Gabrielli T.d., Marcus V.V. Lopes, Giseli Minatto, Rafael M.d. Costa, Thiago S. Matias, Paulo H. Guerra, Valter C.B. Filho, and Kelly S. Silva 2021. "Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10924. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010924

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