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Article

Effect of Different Exercise Types on the Cross-Sectional Area and Lumbar Lordosis Angle in Patients with Flat Back Syndrome

1
Department of Sports Science, Dongguk University, 123, Dongdae-ro, Gyeongju-si 38066, Korea
2
Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, 81, Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06351, Korea
3
Department of Health Rehabilitation, Osan University, 45, Cheonghak-ro, Osan-si 18119, Korea
4
Sports Medicine Center, Sunsoochon Hospital, 76, Olympic-ro, Songpa-gu, Seoul 05556, Korea
5
Department of Sports Science, Hanyang University, 55, Hanyang Daehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan-si 15588, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The author (Yong-Gon Seo) contributed equally to write this work with first author (Won-Moon Kim).
Academic Editors: Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez, Łukasz Radzimiński, Maria Skalska and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10923; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010923
Received: 20 September 2021 / Revised: 4 October 2021 / Accepted: 14 October 2021 / Published: 17 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Physiology and Performance)
Flat back syndrome (FBS) is a sagittal imbalance wherein the normal spinal curvature is reduced. This study aimed to compare the effects of different exercise programs on the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the lumbar muscles, lumbar lordosis angle (LLA), lumbar disability, and flexibility in patients with FBS. Thirty-six females with flexible FBS were randomly allocated to the corrective exercise group (CEG, n = 12), resistance exercise group (REG, n = 12), and physical therapy group (PTG, n = 12). CEG and REG patients participated in a 12-week exercise intervention for 60 min three times per week. The CSA, LLA, Oswestry disability index (ODI), and sit-and-reach test were measured before and after intervention. CSA showed a significant difference between groups (p < 0.01), with CEG and REG demonstrating a significant increase (p < 0.05 and p < 0.05, respectively). LLA showed a significant difference between groups (p < 0.001); CEG showed a higher increase than did REG (p < 0.01) and PTG (p < 0.001). ODI also showed a significant difference between groups (p < 0.001), being lower in CEG than in REG (p < 0.001) and PTG (p < 0.001). Lumbar flexibility significantly improved in all groups, albeit with a significant difference (p < 0.001). Although corrective and resistance exercise programs effectively improve these parameters, corrective exercise is superior to other interventions for patients with FBS. View Full-Text
Keywords: spinal curvature; cross-sectional area; disability evaluation; exercise therapy spinal curvature; cross-sectional area; disability evaluation; exercise therapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, W.-M.; Seo, Y.-G.; Park, Y.-J.; Cho, H.-S.; Lee, C.-H. Effect of Different Exercise Types on the Cross-Sectional Area and Lumbar Lordosis Angle in Patients with Flat Back Syndrome. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10923. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010923

AMA Style

Kim W-M, Seo Y-G, Park Y-J, Cho H-S, Lee C-H. Effect of Different Exercise Types on the Cross-Sectional Area and Lumbar Lordosis Angle in Patients with Flat Back Syndrome. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10923. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010923

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Won-Moon, Yong-Gon Seo, Yun-Jin Park, Han-Su Cho, and Chang-Hee Lee. 2021. "Effect of Different Exercise Types on the Cross-Sectional Area and Lumbar Lordosis Angle in Patients with Flat Back Syndrome" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10923. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010923

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