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Open AccessReview

Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Healthcare Workers Dealing with the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Occupational Medicine, Local Health Authority of Lecce, 73100 Lecce, Italy
2
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Human Neurosciences, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 601; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020601
Received: 21 November 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 30 December 2020 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
Prevention of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in healthcare workers (HCWs) facing the current COVID-19 pandemic is a challenge worldwide as HCWs are likely to experience acute and chronic, often unpredictable, occupational stressors leading to PTSS. This review aims to analyze the literature to discover which topics have been focused on and what the latest developments are in managing the occupational risk of PTSS in HCWs during the current pandemic. For the purpose of this review, we searched for publications in MEDLINE/Pubmed using selected keywords. The articles were reviewed and categorized into one or more of the following categories based on their subject matter: risk assessment, risk management, occurrence rates. A total of 16 publications matched our inclusion criteria. The topics discussed were: “Risk Assessment”, “Occurrence Rates”, and “Risk Management”. Young age, low work experience, female gender, heavy workload, working in unsafe settings, and lack of training and social support were found to be predictors of PTSS. This review’s findings showed the need for urgent interventions aimed at protecting HCWs from the psychological impact of traumatic events related to the pandemic and leading to PTSS; healthcare policies need to consider preventive and management strategies toward PTSS, and the related psychic sequelae, in HCWs. View Full-Text
Keywords: post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD; COVID-19; healthcare worker; risk assessment; risk management post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD; COVID-19; healthcare worker; risk assessment; risk management
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MDPI and ACS Style

d’Ettorre, G.; Ceccarelli, G.; Santinelli, L.; Vassalini, P.; Innocenti, G.P.; Alessandri, F.; Koukopoulos, A.E.; Russo, A.; d’Ettorre, G.; Tarsitani, L. Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Healthcare Workers Dealing with the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 601. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020601

AMA Style

d’Ettorre G, Ceccarelli G, Santinelli L, Vassalini P, Innocenti GP, Alessandri F, Koukopoulos AE, Russo A, d’Ettorre G, Tarsitani L. Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Healthcare Workers Dealing with the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):601. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020601

Chicago/Turabian Style

d’Ettorre, Gabriele; Ceccarelli, Giancarlo; Santinelli, Letizia; Vassalini, Paolo; Innocenti, Giuseppe P.; Alessandri, Francesco; Koukopoulos, Alexia E.; Russo, Alessandro; d’Ettorre, Gabriella; Tarsitani, Lorenzo. 2021. "Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Healthcare Workers Dealing with the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 601. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020601

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