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Open AccessArticle

Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus

Department of Psychiatry, Fundación Jiménez Díaz University Hospital, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Group of Research in Sustainability of the Health System, Biomedical Research Center of La Rioja (CIBIR), 26006 Logroño, Spain
Rioja Health Service, Najera Health Center, 26300 La Rioja, Spain
Department of Nursing, GRUPAC, University of La Rioja, 26006 Logroño, Spain
Nursing School La Fe, Adscript Center Universidad de Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Research Group GREIACC, Health Research Institute La Fe, 46026 Valencia, Spain
Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Grupo Asociado de Investigación en Cuidados, Fundación Incliva, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Badajoz University of Extremadura, 06006 Extremadura, Spain
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 580;
Received: 20 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is a public health emergency that has affected health professionals around the world, causing physical and mental exhaustion with a greater probability of developing mental disorders in professionals who provide healthcare. Objective: The objective of this study was to know the psychological impact of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on the nursing professionals working for the Rioja Health Service. Methods: We conducted an observational and descriptive cross-sectional study. The nursing staff at the Rioja Health Service were invited to respond to a self-administered questionnaire between June and August 2020. Results: A total of 605 health professionals participated in the questionnaire; 91.9% were women, 63.14% were registered nurses, and 36.28% were auxiliary nurses. Risk factors for mental health professionals were identified in more than 90% of nurses (p = 0.009), affecting their psychological state with feelings of exhaustion, emotional overload (p = 0.002), and less use of coping strategies among women. Younger professionals with less experience had higher levels of stress compared to those with more than five years of experience, who showed a progressive reduction in the impact of stressors (p < 0.001). Professionals with dependent family members presented higher levels of emotional overload and coping problems (p = 0.009). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant psychological impact on health professionals in terms of stress, emotional well-being, and the use of coping strategies. Female health professionals with dependents, a temporary contract, and less work experience have been more psychologically affected. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing; mental health; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus nursing; mental health; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Del Pozo-Herce, P.; Garrido-García, R.; Santolalla-Arnedo, I.; Gea-Caballero, V.; García-Molina, P.; Ruiz de Viñaspre-Hernández, R.; Rodríguez-Velasco, F.J.; Juárez-Vela, R. Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 580.

AMA Style

Del Pozo-Herce P, Garrido-García R, Santolalla-Arnedo I, Gea-Caballero V, García-Molina P, Ruiz de Viñaspre-Hernández R, Rodríguez-Velasco FJ, Juárez-Vela R. Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):580.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Del Pozo-Herce, Pablo; Garrido-García, Rebeca; Santolalla-Arnedo, Iván; Gea-Caballero, Vicente; García-Molina, Pablo; Ruiz de Viñaspre-Hernández, Regina; Rodríguez-Velasco, Francisco J.; Juárez-Vela, Raúl. 2021. "Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 580.

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