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Open AccessArticle

Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus

1
Department of Psychiatry, Fundación Jiménez Díaz University Hospital, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Group of Research in Sustainability of the Health System, Biomedical Research Center of La Rioja (CIBIR), 26006 Logroño, Spain
3
Rioja Health Service, Najera Health Center, 26300 La Rioja, Spain
4
Department of Nursing, GRUPAC, University of La Rioja, 26006 Logroño, Spain
5
Nursing School La Fe, Adscript Center Universidad de Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
6
Research Group GREIACC, Health Research Institute La Fe, 46026 Valencia, Spain
7
Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
8
Grupo Asociado de Investigación en Cuidados, Fundación Incliva, 46010 Valencia, Spain
9
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Badajoz University of Extremadura, 06006 Extremadura, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 580; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020580
Received: 20 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is a public health emergency that has affected health professionals around the world, causing physical and mental exhaustion with a greater probability of developing mental disorders in professionals who provide healthcare. Objective: The objective of this study was to know the psychological impact of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on the nursing professionals working for the Rioja Health Service. Methods: We conducted an observational and descriptive cross-sectional study. The nursing staff at the Rioja Health Service were invited to respond to a self-administered questionnaire between June and August 2020. Results: A total of 605 health professionals participated in the questionnaire; 91.9% were women, 63.14% were registered nurses, and 36.28% were auxiliary nurses. Risk factors for mental health professionals were identified in more than 90% of nurses (p = 0.009), affecting their psychological state with feelings of exhaustion, emotional overload (p = 0.002), and less use of coping strategies among women. Younger professionals with less experience had higher levels of stress compared to those with more than five years of experience, who showed a progressive reduction in the impact of stressors (p < 0.001). Professionals with dependent family members presented higher levels of emotional overload and coping problems (p = 0.009). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant psychological impact on health professionals in terms of stress, emotional well-being, and the use of coping strategies. Female health professionals with dependents, a temporary contract, and less work experience have been more psychologically affected. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing; mental health; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus nursing; mental health; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Del Pozo-Herce, P.; Garrido-García, R.; Santolalla-Arnedo, I.; Gea-Caballero, V.; García-Molina, P.; Ruiz de Viñaspre-Hernández, R.; Rodríguez-Velasco, F.J.; Juárez-Vela, R. Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 580. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020580

AMA Style

Del Pozo-Herce P, Garrido-García R, Santolalla-Arnedo I, Gea-Caballero V, García-Molina P, Ruiz de Viñaspre-Hernández R, Rodríguez-Velasco FJ, Juárez-Vela R. Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):580. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020580

Chicago/Turabian Style

Del Pozo-Herce, Pablo; Garrido-García, Rebeca; Santolalla-Arnedo, Iván; Gea-Caballero, Vicente; García-Molina, Pablo; Ruiz de Viñaspre-Hernández, Regina; Rodríguez-Velasco, Francisco J.; Juárez-Vela, Raúl. 2021. "Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 580. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020580

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