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Effect of Psychological Inflexibility on Depressive Symptoms and Sleep Disturbance among Japanese Young Women with Chronic Pain
Open AccessArticle

The Role of Perfectionistic Self-Presentation in Pediatric Pain

1
Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Unit for the Study and Treatment of Pain–ALGOS, Research Center for Behavior Assessment (CRAMC), Department of Psychology, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
2
Institut d’Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
3
William James Center for Research, ISPA-Instituto Universitário, Rua Jardim do Tabaco No 34, 1149-041 Lisbon, Portugal
4
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
5
Centre for Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
6
Department of Physiotherapy, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel 45209, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 591; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020591
Received: 16 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 10 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychological Flexibility and Adjustment to Chronic Pain)
This study sought to better understand the associations between perfectionistic self-presentation and measures of pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, pain interference, and fatigue in children and adolescents with pain. In the study, 218 adolescents responded to measures of perfectionistic self-presentation (i.e., perfectionistic self-promotion, nondisplay of imperfection and nondisclosure of imperfection), pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, pain interference, and fatigue. Four hierarchical regression analyses and three mediation analyses were conducted. Our results showed that perfectionistic self-promotion was significantly and independently associated with pain intensity and that nondisplay of imperfection was significantly and independently associated with pain catastrophizing, pain interference, and fatigue. Nondisclosure of imperfection was not significantly associated with any criterion variable. Pain catastrophizing mediated the association between both perfectionistic self-presentation and nondisplay imperfection and pain interference but not between nondisclosure of imperfection and pain interference. The findings provide new information about the role of perfectionistic self-presentation in children and adolescents’ experience of pain. These findings, if replicated, support perfectionism as a potential target of pain treatment in young people. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; pain intensity; pain interference; pain catastrophizing; perfectionistic self-presentation adolescents; pain intensity; pain interference; pain catastrophizing; perfectionistic self-presentation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Rodríguez, E.; Ferreira-Valente, A.; Pathak, A.; Solé, E.; Sharma, S.; Jensen, M.P.; Miró, J. The Role of Perfectionistic Self-Presentation in Pediatric Pain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 591. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020591

AMA Style

Sánchez-Rodríguez E, Ferreira-Valente A, Pathak A, Solé E, Sharma S, Jensen MP, Miró J. The Role of Perfectionistic Self-Presentation in Pediatric Pain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):591. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020591

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Rodríguez, Elisabet; Ferreira-Valente, Alexandra; Pathak, Anupa; Solé, Ester; Sharma, Saurab; Jensen, Mark P.; Miró, Jordi. 2021. "The Role of Perfectionistic Self-Presentation in Pediatric Pain" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 591. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020591

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