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Open AccessArticle

An Innovative Approach to Designing Digital Health Solutions Addressing the Unmet Needs of Obese Patients in Europe

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Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Sezione di Endocrinologia, Università Federico II di Napoli, via S. Pansini n.5, 80131 Naples, Italy
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Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica, Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, via S. Pansini n.5, 80131 Naples, Italy
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UOS Ricerca e Sviluppo, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Federico II, via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
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Empirica Gesellschaft für Kommunikations- und Technologieforschung mbH, Oxfordstr. 2, 53111 Bonn, Germany
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Servizio di Internalizzazione e Ricerca Sanitaria (SIRS), Unità di Staff Risk Management e Qualità, Direzione Generale, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico “Paolo Giaccone”, 90127 Palermo, Italy
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Servizio di Internalizzazione e Ricerca Sanitaria (SIRS), Azienda di Rilievo Nazionale ad Alta Specializzazione, SIRS ARNAS-Civico, 90127 Palermo, Italy
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UNESCO Chair for Health Education and Sustainable Development, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 579; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020579
Received: 7 November 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 January 2021 / Published: 12 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the worldwide obesity rate has tripled since 1975. In Europe, more than half of the population is overweight and obese. Around 2.8 million people die each year worldwide as a result of conditions linked to being overweight or obese. This study aimed to analyze the policies, approaches, and solutions that address the social and health unmet needs of obese patients, at different levels, in order to simulate the definition of an integrated approach, and to provide and share examples of innovative solutions supporting health promotion, disease prevention, and integration of services to improve the collaboration between the different health and care stakeholders involved across the country and in the lives of obese patients. A collaborative approach involving various levels of government and regional experts from different European countries was applied to identify, explore, and evaluate different aspects of the topic, from the innovation perspective and focusing on a European and a regional vision. Currently, people prefer more foods rich in fats, sugars, and salt/sodium than fruits, vegetables, and fiber. This behavior leads to a significant negative impact on their health-related quality of life. Changes in healthcare systems, healthy policy, and approaches to patient care and better implementation of the different prevention strategies between all the stakeholders are needed, taking advantage of the digital transformation of health and care. Such changes can support obese patients in their fight against an unhealthy lifestyle and at the same time reduce healthcare costs. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital health; nutrition; obesity; obese patients; healthy life; healthy food; Europe digital health; nutrition; obesity; obese patients; healthy life; healthy food; Europe
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MDPI and ACS Style

Patalano, R.; De Luca, V.; Vogt, J.; Birov, S.; Giovannelli, L.; Carruba, G.; Pivonello, C.; Stroetmann, V.; Triassi, M.; Colao, A.; Illario, M. An Innovative Approach to Designing Digital Health Solutions Addressing the Unmet Needs of Obese Patients in Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020579

AMA Style

Patalano R, De Luca V, Vogt J, Birov S, Giovannelli L, Carruba G, Pivonello C, Stroetmann V, Triassi M, Colao A, Illario M. An Innovative Approach to Designing Digital Health Solutions Addressing the Unmet Needs of Obese Patients in Europe. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020579

Chicago/Turabian Style

Patalano, Roberta; De Luca, Vincenzo; Vogt, Jess; Birov, Strahil; Giovannelli, Lucia; Carruba, Giuseppe; Pivonello, Claudia; Stroetmann, Veli; Triassi, Maria; Colao, Annamaria; Illario, Maddalena. 2021. "An Innovative Approach to Designing Digital Health Solutions Addressing the Unmet Needs of Obese Patients in Europe" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020579

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