Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Preventative Measures Practice among Umrah Pilgrims in Saudi Arabia, 1440H-2019
Next Article in Special Issue
Psychological Impact on the Nursing Professionals of the Rioja Health Service (Spain) Due to the SARS-CoV-2 Virus
Previous Article in Journal
Avoidable Mortality Attributable to Anthropogenic Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) in Australia
Previous Article in Special Issue
COVID-19-Related Fear and Anxiety: Spiritual-Religious Coping in Healthcare Workers in Portugal
Open AccessArticle

Reduced Hedonic Tone and Emotion Dysregulation Predict Depressive Symptoms Severity during the COVID-19 Outbreak: An Observational Study on the Italian General Population

1
Department of Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Psychiatry, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
3
Mental Health Department, Local Health Unit ROMA 2, 00173 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, 80138 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors share first authorship.
These authors share last authorship.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 255; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010255
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 26 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
The COVID-19 pandemic has spiked stress-related symptoms worldwide. This study aims to assess depressive symptoms related to the early phase of the COVID-19 outbreak among the Italian general population and to analyze anhedonia and emotion dysregulation as potential predictors of depression severity. Through an online questionnaire, we collected sociodemographic and lockdown-related information; depressive symptoms, hedonic tone, and emotion dysregulation were assessed through the Beck Depression Inventory II, the Snaith–Hamilton Pleasure Scale, and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, respectively. In our sample (n = 500), 122 individuals (24.4%) reported depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 outbreak. Individuals with and without depression differed in gender (X2 = 4.77, df = 1, p = 0.02) and age (X2 = 15.7, df = 4, p = 0.003). Among individuals presenting with depressive symptoms, those reporting close contact with confirmed cases of COVID-19 were at higher risk for severe depression (p = 0.026). Reduced hedonic tone (p = 0.014) and emotion dysregulation (p < 0.001) also predicted depression severity. To the best of our knowledge, these are among the earliest data that focus on the risk for depression among a sizeable sample of the Italian general population during the COVID-19 outbreak. Our results indicate emotion dysregulation and reduced hedonic tone as potential factors predicting COVID-19-related depression severity and provide insight into developing targeted intervention policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: affect regulation; anhedonia; coronavirus; depression; mental health; SARS-CoV-2 affect regulation; anhedonia; coronavirus; depression; mental health; SARS-CoV-2
MDPI and ACS Style

Moccia, L.; Janiri, D.; Giuseppin, G.; Agrifoglio, B.; Monti, L.; Mazza, M.; Caroppo, E.; Fiorillo, A.; Sani, G.; Di Nicola, M.; Janiri, L. Reduced Hedonic Tone and Emotion Dysregulation Predict Depressive Symptoms Severity during the COVID-19 Outbreak: An Observational Study on the Italian General Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010255

AMA Style

Moccia L, Janiri D, Giuseppin G, Agrifoglio B, Monti L, Mazza M, Caroppo E, Fiorillo A, Sani G, Di Nicola M, Janiri L. Reduced Hedonic Tone and Emotion Dysregulation Predict Depressive Symptoms Severity during the COVID-19 Outbreak: An Observational Study on the Italian General Population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010255

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moccia, Lorenzo; Janiri, Delfina; Giuseppin, Giulia; Agrifoglio, Benedetta; Monti, Laura; Mazza, Marianna; Caroppo, Emanuele; Fiorillo, Andrea; Sani, Gabriele; Di Nicola, Marco; Janiri, Luigi. 2021. "Reduced Hedonic Tone and Emotion Dysregulation Predict Depressive Symptoms Severity during the COVID-19 Outbreak: An Observational Study on the Italian General Population" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010255

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop