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Review

A Technology-Mediated Interventional Approach to the Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Nursing College, Keimyung University, 1095 Dalgubeol-daero, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 42601, Korea
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 512; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020512
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 30 December 2020 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 10 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Intervention and Self-Management)
Background: Technology-mediated interventions help overcome barriers to program delivery and spread metabolic syndrome prevention programs on a large scale. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of these technology-mediated interventions on metabolic syndrome prevention. Methods: In this meta-analysis, from 30 January 2018, three databases were searched to evaluate interventions using techniques to propagate diet and exercise lifestyle programs for adult patients with metabolic syndrome or metabolic risk. Results: Search results found 535 citations. Of these, 18 studies met the inclusion criteria analyzed in this article. The median duration of intervention was 4 months and the follow-up period ranged from 1.5 to 30 months. The standardized mean difference (SMD) between the two groups was waist circumference −0.35 (95% CI −0.54, −0.15), triglyceride −0.14 (95% CI −0.26, −0.03), fasting blood glucose −0.31 (95% CI −0.42, −0.19), body weight −1.34 (95% CI −2.04, −0.64), and body mass index −1.36 (95% CI −2.21, −0.51). There was no publication bias in this study. Conclusion: Technology-mediated intervention improved clinically important metabolic syndrome related indicators such as excess body fat around the waist, fasting glucose, and body mass index. These interventions will play an important role in the dissemination of metabolic syndrome prevention programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; meta-analysis; prevention and control; technology; telemedicine metabolic syndrome; meta-analysis; prevention and control; technology; telemedicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, G.; Lee, J.-S.; Lee, S.-K. A Technology-Mediated Interventional Approach to the Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 512. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020512

AMA Style

Kim G, Lee J-S, Lee S-K. A Technology-Mediated Interventional Approach to the Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):512. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020512

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Gaeun, Ji-Soo Lee, and Soo-Kyoung Lee. 2021. "A Technology-Mediated Interventional Approach to the Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 512. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020512

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