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Article

Self-Management Mobile Virtual Reality Program for Women with Gestational Diabetes

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju 26493, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, Kyungsung University, Busan 48434, Korea
3
College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sharon Lawn
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1539; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041539
Received: 2 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 1 February 2021 / Published: 5 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Intervention and Self-Management)
The incidence of type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes shows an increasing trend worldwide, and women diagnosed with gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years of delivery. This is closely related to lifestyle habits such as dietary intake and physical activity; hence, self-management should be continuously practiced. However, after childbirth, women find it challenging to practice self-management due to physical discomfort and child rearing. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an intervention program that is tailored to the characteristics of each participant and allows them to practice self-health management efficiently without time and space restrictions. This study aimed to develop a self-management mobile virtual reality program and investigate its efficacy in preventing type 2 diabetes after childbirth among women diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Intervention with the self-management mobile virtual reality program was performed for 12 weeks. The data of 57 participants in the experimental group and 62 participants in the control group were analyzed. After 12 weeks, the body weight, body fat, hemoglobin A1c, and fasting glucose were decreased in the experimental group compared with the control group. In addition, the dietary habits and health-promoting lifestyle profile were improved in the experimental group compared with the control group. These findings demonstrated that a self-managed mobile virtual reality program could be used as an intervention method for health promotion. To verify the effectiveness of intervention with the self-management mobile virtual reality program, a follow-up study with a larger number of research subjects should be conducted in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: women; virtual reality; self-management; health promotion women; virtual reality; self-management; health promotion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S.-H.; Kim, H.J.; Shin, G. Self-Management Mobile Virtual Reality Program for Women with Gestational Diabetes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1539. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041539

AMA Style

Kim S-H, Kim HJ, Shin G. Self-Management Mobile Virtual Reality Program for Women with Gestational Diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1539. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041539

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Sung-Hoon, Hye Jin Kim, and Gisoo Shin. 2021. "Self-Management Mobile Virtual Reality Program for Women with Gestational Diabetes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1539. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041539

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