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Review

Effectiveness of Motor Imagery on Motor Recovery in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Systematic Review

1
Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Cadiz, 11009 Cadiz, Spain
2
Institute of Research and Innovation in Biomedical Sciences of the Province of Cadiz (INiBICA), University of Cadiz, 11009 Cadiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020498
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 3 January 2021 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 9 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Translational Aspects of Motor Imagery)
The effects of motor imagery (MI) on functional recovery of patients with neurological pathologies, such as stroke, has been recently proven. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of MI on motor recovery and quality of life (QOL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). A search was carried out in the following scientific databases: PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, Scopus, Cochrane and Web of Science, up to November 2020. The grey literature and reference lists of potentially relevant articles were also searched. The Checklist for Measuring Quality and The Cochrane collaboration’s tool were used to assess the methodological quality and risk of bias of the studies. Five studies were included in the systematic review. Findings showed that pwMS using MI had significant improvements in walking speed and distance, fatigue and QOL. In addition, several benefits were also found in dynamic balance and perceived walking ability. Although the evidence is limited, rehabilitation using MI with the application of musical and verbal guides (compared to non-intervention or other interventions), can produce benefits on gait, fatigue and QOL in pwMS with a low score in the Expanded Disability Status Scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor imagery; mental processes; psychomotor performance; rehabilitation; multiple sclerosis motor imagery; mental processes; psychomotor performance; rehabilitation; multiple sclerosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gil-Bermejo-Bernardez-Zerpa, A.; Moral-Munoz, J.A.; Lucena-Anton, D.; Luque-Moreno, C. Effectiveness of Motor Imagery on Motor Recovery in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 498. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020498

AMA Style

Gil-Bermejo-Bernardez-Zerpa A, Moral-Munoz JA, Lucena-Anton D, Luque-Moreno C. Effectiveness of Motor Imagery on Motor Recovery in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):498. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020498

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gil-Bermejo-Bernardez-Zerpa, Ana, Jose A. Moral-Munoz, David Lucena-Anton, and Carlos Luque-Moreno. 2021. "Effectiveness of Motor Imagery on Motor Recovery in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 498. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020498

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