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Article

A Decrease in Psycho-Emotional Health in Middle-Aged Russian Women Associated with Their Lifestyle

1
Department of General and Social Psychology, Kostroma State University, 156005 Kostroma, Russia
2
Department of Education and Acmeology, Kostroma State University, 156005 Kostroma, Russia
3
Department of Special Education and Psychology, Kostroma State University, 156005 Kostroma, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 388; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020388
Received: 21 December 2020 / Accepted: 29 December 2020 / Published: 6 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women's Health throughout Life Stages)
(1) Background: The present study is aimed to determine the predicting role of objective (lifestyle) and subjective factors of middle-aged women’s psycho-emotional health such as their relations with parents, attachment and separation types. Women who are overloaded with professional and family roles have high stress level, their indicators of psychological well-being and emotional level decrease when they have to give everyday care to their elderly parents. (2) Methods: The research sample has two empirical groups. Sample of Study 1 includes middle-aged women (n = 61) aged 38–56 (M = 48.1, SD = 3.5); sample of Study 2 includes middle-aged women (n = 85) aged 33–52 (M = 40.6, SD = 3.1): married (70.5%) and divorced (29.5%), having children of 14–28 years old; giving everyday care to elderly parents for more than 1.5 yrs. Some live separately (62.3 %), or have to cohabitate with parents (37.7%). All women evaluate their life situation as difficult and manifest signs of high psycho-emotional stress. We used methods adapted for the Russian-speaking sample: getting socio-demographic information, an interview; The scales of psychological well-being; Attachment style and Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaires (study 1); Psychological Separation Inventory, Purpose-in-Life Test, projective methods (study 2), mathematical statistics. (3) Results: A number of factors and indicators of women’s psycho-emotional health decrease in the situation of role overload have been identified. Among the factors there are four main types of women’s relationships with parents: Anxious closeness; Ambivalence of feelings; Secondary relationship with parents; Alienation, predicting of psycho-emotional health that are reducing or enhancing their personal resources. Besides, a type of separation of an adult woman from her mother predicts her level of well-being. (4) Conclusions: The study confirms that middle-aged Russian women’s psycho-emotional health depends on contextual factors (difficult role-overloaded lifestyle) and factors integrating women‘s relations towards parents, attachment, guilt and separation. Types of middle-aged women’s relationships with parents contribute to their psychoemotional health in a different way. View Full-Text
Keywords: women; middle-aged; psycho-emotional health; well-being; relationships with parents; attachment; separation; guilt women; middle-aged; psycho-emotional health; well-being; relationships with parents; attachment; separation; guilt
MDPI and ACS Style

Saporovskaia, M.V.; Kryukova, T.L.; Voronina, M.E.; Tikhomirova, E.V.; Samokhvalova, A.G.; Khazova, S.A. A Decrease in Psycho-Emotional Health in Middle-Aged Russian Women Associated with Their Lifestyle. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020388

AMA Style

Saporovskaia MV, Kryukova TL, Voronina ME, Tikhomirova EV, Samokhvalova AG, Khazova SA. A Decrease in Psycho-Emotional Health in Middle-Aged Russian Women Associated with Their Lifestyle. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020388

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saporovskaia, Maria V., Tatiana L. Kryukova, Maria E. Voronina, Elena V. Tikhomirova, Anna G. Samokhvalova, and Svetlana A. Khazova 2021. "A Decrease in Psycho-Emotional Health in Middle-Aged Russian Women Associated with Their Lifestyle" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020388

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