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Article

Pharmacists’ Knowledge of Factors Associated with Dementia: The A-to-Z Dementia Knowledge List

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Cátedra DeCo MICOF-CEU UCH, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, 46115 Valencia, Spain
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Muy Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Farmacéuticos, 46003 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Pharmacy, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, 46115 Valencia, Spain
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Embedded Systems and Artificial Intelligence Group, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, 46115 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 9934; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18199934
Received: 16 July 2021 / Revised: 11 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 22 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
Dementia is a neurodegenerative disease with no cure that can begin up to 20 years before its diagnosis. A key priority in patients with dementia is the identification of early modifiable factors that can slow the progression of the disease. Community pharmacies are suitable points for cognitive-impairment screening because of their proximity to patients. Therefore, the continuous training of professionals working in pharmacies directly impacts the public health of the population. The main purpose of this study was to assess community pharmacists’ knowledge of dementia-related factors. Thus, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 361 pharmacists via an online questionnaire that quizzed their knowledge of a list of dementia-related factors, which we later arranged into the A-to-Z Dementia Knowledge List. We found that younger participants had a better knowledge of risk factors associated with dementia. The risk factors most often identified were a family history of dementia followed by social isolation. More than 40% of the respondents did not identify herpes labialis, sleep more than 9 h per day, and poor hearing as risk factors. A higher percentage of respondents were better able to identify protective factors than risk factors. The least known protective factors were internet use, avoidance of pollution, and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs. Pharmacists’ knowledge of dementia-related factors should be renewed with the aim of enhancing their unique placement to easily implement cognitive-impairment screening. View Full-Text
Keywords: knowledge; dementia; pharmacist; risk factors; protective factors; pharmaceutical drugs; cognitive impairment knowledge; dementia; pharmacist; risk factors; protective factors; pharmaceutical drugs; cognitive impairment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos, H.; Moreno, L.; Gil, M.; García-Lluch, G.; Sendra-Lillo, J.; Alacreu, M. Pharmacists’ Knowledge of Factors Associated with Dementia: The A-to-Z Dementia Knowledge List. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18199934

AMA Style

Ramos H, Moreno L, Gil M, García-Lluch G, Sendra-Lillo J, Alacreu M. Pharmacists’ Knowledge of Factors Associated with Dementia: The A-to-Z Dementia Knowledge List. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):9934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18199934

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos, Hernán, Lucrecia Moreno, María Gil, Gemma García-Lluch, José Sendra-Lillo, and Mónica Alacreu. 2021. "Pharmacists’ Knowledge of Factors Associated with Dementia: The A-to-Z Dementia Knowledge List" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 9934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18199934

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