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Article

The Relational Vulnerability of People Experiencing Multiple Exclusion Homelessness (MEH) in Spain

1
CREIS, Department of Social Anthropology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
2
GRAFO, Department of Social Anthropology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10275; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910275
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 20 September 2021 / Accepted: 22 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Support and Social Networks in Long-Term Conditions)
This paper draws on research analyzing the emotional and relational impacts of poverty and exclusion on charities’ clients in Spain since the 2008–2009 economic crisis, including people experiencing multiple exclusion homelessness (MEH). The study adopts a mixed-methods approach in which twenty in-depth cases were collected in different geographical locations, including twelve cases experiencing MEH. Unlike other disadvantaged groups, those affected by MEH suffer material shortages, traumatic experiences, psychological disorders, physical illnesses, and a high degree of relational vulnerability, as reflected in the structure and composition of their personal networks, which tend to be smaller in size, with just a few weak and temporary contacts, and with care professionals playing an important role. These charity users often need long-term socio-sanitary care, which challenges public and private health-care systems. Therefore, our contribution to this Special Issue is directed toward improving understanding of the relational characteristics of severely excluded people, how social support affects their personal networks, and the challenges this assistance poses to care services. View Full-Text
Keywords: homelessness; relational vulnerability; charities; social network analysis; exclusion; Spain homelessness; relational vulnerability; charities; social network analysis; exclusion; Spain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Valenzuela-Garcia, H.; Molina, J.L.; Lubbers, M.J.; Grau, J. The Relational Vulnerability of People Experiencing Multiple Exclusion Homelessness (MEH) in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910275

AMA Style

Valenzuela-Garcia H, Molina JL, Lubbers MJ, Grau J. The Relational Vulnerability of People Experiencing Multiple Exclusion Homelessness (MEH) in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):10275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910275

Chicago/Turabian Style

Valenzuela-Garcia, Hugo, José L. Molina, Miranda J. Lubbers, and Jorge Grau. 2021. "The Relational Vulnerability of People Experiencing Multiple Exclusion Homelessness (MEH) in Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 10275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910275

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