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The Dark Triad Traits of Firefighters and Risk-Taking at Work. The Mediating Role of Altruism, Honesty, and Courage
Article

Job Demands and Exhaustion in Firefighters: The Moderating Role of Work Meaning. A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Sociology, Faculty of Political Sciences, National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, 012104 Bucharest, Romania
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Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Bucharest, 050663 Bucharest, Romania
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Centre for Psychosociology, Ministry of Internal Affairs, 023975 Bucharest, Romania
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Department of Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, Atlas Building, Room 7.405, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9819; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189819
Received: 12 July 2021 / Revised: 5 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress, Prevention, and Resilience among First Responders)
Emotional exhaustion and other symptoms of burnout are often found among emergency services professions, such as firefighting. Given the social importance of this activity and the high responsibility it requires, prevention and alleviation of burnout symptoms become primary concerns in ensuring the well-being of firefighters. Although work meaning is one of the factors associated with a lower risk of developing burnout, its protective role has not been studied in firefighters. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the buffering role of work meaning in the health-impairment process of the Job Demands-Resources model, targeting the relationship between job demands and related emotional exhaustion. A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect data from a sample consisting of Romanian firefighters (n = 1096). Structural equation modeling indicated a positive link between job demands and exhaustion. In addition, deriving personal meaning from work was associated with lower levels of exhaustion in firefighters. A small but significant interaction effect between work meaning and job demands showed that higher levels of work meaning attenuated the positive relationship between job demands and exhaustion. In conclusion, our findings suggest that work meaning has a buffering effect on the impact of various job demands on job-related exhaustion. Nevertheless, the small effect sizes warrant further research on this topic. View Full-Text
Keywords: JD-R; work meaning; exhaustion; job demands; firefighters; buffer JD-R; work meaning; exhaustion; job demands; firefighters; buffer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Roșca, A.C.; Mateizer, A.; Dan, C.-I.; Demerouti, E. Job Demands and Exhaustion in Firefighters: The Moderating Role of Work Meaning. A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189819

AMA Style

Roșca AC, Mateizer A, Dan C-I, Demerouti E. Job Demands and Exhaustion in Firefighters: The Moderating Role of Work Meaning. A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189819

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roșca, Andra C., Alexandru Mateizer, Cristina-Ioana Dan, and Evangelia Demerouti. 2021. "Job Demands and Exhaustion in Firefighters: The Moderating Role of Work Meaning. A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189819

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