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Article

Do Gender and Gender Role Orientation Make a Difference in the Link between Role Demands and Family Interference with Work for Taiwanese Workers?

1
Department of Business Administration, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
2
Department of Industrial Management, Lunghwa University of Science and Technology, Guishan, Taoyuan County 33306, Taiwan
3
Department of Applied Psychology, Hsuan Chuang University, Hsinchu 30092, Taiwan
4
Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, Manchester M15 6PB, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Silvia Pignata
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9807; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189807
Received: 8 August 2021 / Revised: 10 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
Based on the gender role orientation perspective, this study extends the resource depletion mechanism that links role demands to family interference with work by testing the moderating effects of gender and gender role orientation (egalitarian vs. traditional) on the relationships. Analysis of the data from 251 employees in Taiwan revealed two significant three-way interactive effects. Specifically, for men, the positive relationship between work demands and family-to-work conflict (FWC) was stronger for egalitarian than traditional individuals. For women, the positive relationship between family demands and FWC was stronger for egalitarian than traditional individuals. We also found a significant two-way interactive effect; that is, within the egalitarian group, the positive relationship between work demands and FWC was stronger for women than men. Our findings, thus, suggest both within-gender and between-gender variations in the links between work-to-family demands and conflict, jointly affected by the individual’s gender and gender role orientation. Contextualized within the cultural traditions of a Chinese society, we highlight the precarious position that egalitarian men and women (especially women) find for themselves in fulfilling work duties and family roles. The theoretical and managerial implications are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender; gender role orientation; role demands; family-to-work conflict; Chinese society gender; gender role orientation; role demands; family-to-work conflict; Chinese society
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, L.; Chang, T.-T.; Kao, S.-F.; Cooper, C.L. Do Gender and Gender Role Orientation Make a Difference in the Link between Role Demands and Family Interference with Work for Taiwanese Workers? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9807. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189807

AMA Style

Lu L, Chang T-T, Kao S-F, Cooper CL. Do Gender and Gender Role Orientation Make a Difference in the Link between Role Demands and Family Interference with Work for Taiwanese Workers? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9807. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189807

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lu, Luo, Ting-Ting Chang, Shu-Fang Kao, and Cary L. Cooper 2021. "Do Gender and Gender Role Orientation Make a Difference in the Link between Role Demands and Family Interference with Work for Taiwanese Workers?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9807. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189807

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