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Article

Impact of Safety Culture on Safety Performance; Mediating Role of Psychosocial Hazard: An Integrated Modelling Approach

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Department of Management & Humanities, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar 32610, Perak, Malaysia
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Department of Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar 32610, Perak, Malaysia
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Cork University Business School, University College Cork, T12 K8AF Cork, Ireland
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Petronas Group Technology Solutions, Bandar Baru Bangi 43000, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Johor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Silvia Pignata
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8568; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168568
Received: 8 July 2021 / Revised: 8 August 2021 / Accepted: 11 August 2021 / Published: 13 August 2021
We conceptualize that safety culture (SC) has a positive impact on employee’s safety performance by reducing their psychosocial hazards. A higher level of safety culture environment reduces psychosocial hazards by improving employee’s performance toward safety concerns. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how psychosocial hazard mediates the relationship between safety culture and safety performance. Data were collected from 380 production employees in three states of Malaysia from the upstream oil and gas sector. Structural equation modeling was implemented to test the suggested hypotheses. The proposed model was evaluated using structural equation modeling. A stratified sampling with a Likert 5-point scale was used to distribute the questionnaires. Furthermore, the proposed model was tested using the simulation of the structural equation and partial. According to our findings, all hypotheses were significant. A review of prior studies was used to select the items of the dimension for the data collection. Safety culture was assessed with psychosocial hazard to determine its direct and indirect impact on safety performance. Results suggest that to enhance safety performance (leading and lagging), psychosocial concerns in the workplace environments should be taken into consideration by employees. In addition, the findings showed that the psychosocial hazard fully mediates the relationship between safety culture and safety performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: safety culture; psychosocial hazards; safety performance; oil and gas; Malaysia safety culture; psychosocial hazards; safety performance; oil and gas; Malaysia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Naji, G.M.A.; Isha, A.S.N.; Mohyaldinn, M.E.; Leka, S.; Saleem, M.S.; Rahman, S.M.N.B.S.A.; Alzoraiki, M. Impact of Safety Culture on Safety Performance; Mediating Role of Psychosocial Hazard: An Integrated Modelling Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8568. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168568

AMA Style

Naji GMA, Isha ASN, Mohyaldinn ME, Leka S, Saleem MS, Rahman SMNBSA, Alzoraiki M. Impact of Safety Culture on Safety Performance; Mediating Role of Psychosocial Hazard: An Integrated Modelling Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8568. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168568

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naji, Gehad M.A., Ahmad S.N. Isha, Mysara E. Mohyaldinn, Stavroula Leka, Muhammad S. Saleem, Syed M.N.B.S.A. Rahman, and Mohammed Alzoraiki. 2021. "Impact of Safety Culture on Safety Performance; Mediating Role of Psychosocial Hazard: An Integrated Modelling Approach" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8568. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168568

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