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Article

Relationship of Body Mass Index and Footprint Morphology to the Actual Height of the Medial Longitudinal Arch of the Foot

1
Department of Health Sciences, University of A Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain
2
Department of Podiatry, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
3
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of A Coruña-INIBIC, 15006 A Coruña, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9815; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189815
Received: 8 July 2021 / Revised: 24 August 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Foot Posture Assessment and Health Implications)
The medial longitudinal arch height of the foot is linked to individual characteristics such as sex and body mass index, and these characteristics have been shown to be associated with conditions such as flat feet. In this cross-sectional descriptive study, we examined the medial longitudinal arch morphology in an adult population to determine if there are differences related to sex and body mass index, and values were obtained for the foot posture index. Normalized anthropometric measurements and arch indices were calculated from footprints. Groups, defined by sex and body mass index, were compared, and the correlations between body mass index and the variables were determined. In the population studied (266 women and 177 men), significant differences between men and women for the foot posture index and normalized arch measurements were found. Analysis of the variables related to body mass index indicated there were significant differences in arch indices. Significant differences and positive correlations were also found between the arch index and body mass index for the left and right feet among the men and women studied. The results obtained allow us to reflect on and analyze whether the medial longitudinal arch morphology classification methods used in the clinical and research setting are adequate or whether the influence of factors such as body mass index can generate confusion. View Full-Text
Keywords: foot morphology; medial longitudinal arch; foot posture index; footprint; body mass index foot morphology; medial longitudinal arch; foot posture index; footprint; body mass index
MDPI and ACS Style

Rosende-Bautista, C.; Munuera-Martínez, P.V.; Seoane-Pillado, T.; Reina-Bueno, M.; Alonso-Tajes, F.; Pérez-García, S.; Domínguez-Maldonado, G. Relationship of Body Mass Index and Footprint Morphology to the Actual Height of the Medial Longitudinal Arch of the Foot. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9815. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189815

AMA Style

Rosende-Bautista C, Munuera-Martínez PV, Seoane-Pillado T, Reina-Bueno M, Alonso-Tajes F, Pérez-García S, Domínguez-Maldonado G. Relationship of Body Mass Index and Footprint Morphology to the Actual Height of the Medial Longitudinal Arch of the Foot. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9815. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189815

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rosende-Bautista, Carolina, Pedro V. Munuera-Martínez, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, María Reina-Bueno, Francisco Alonso-Tajes, Sergio Pérez-García, and Gabriel Domínguez-Maldonado. 2021. "Relationship of Body Mass Index and Footprint Morphology to the Actual Height of the Medial Longitudinal Arch of the Foot" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9815. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189815

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