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Evidence of Gender Violence Negative Impact on Health as a Lever to Change Adolescents’ Attitudes and Preferences towards Dominant Traditional Masculinities
Article

Traditional Masculinity and Aggression in Adolescence: Its Relationship with Emotional Processes

1
Department of Basic Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatments, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ramon Flecha and Adriana Aubert
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9802; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189802
Received: 20 July 2021 / Revised: 30 August 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Masculinities' Influence on Health)
Traditional masculinity includes norms that encourage many of the aggressive behaviors whereas traditional femininity emphasizes aggression very little. In addition, the lack of emotional regulation as well as a poor impulse control have been related to aggression and, in particular, with reactive and proactive aggression. The objective of this study is to examine the role of gender stereotypes (masculinity/femininity) in reactive and proactive aggression, through regulatory emotional self-efficacy and emotion regulation. A total of 390 adolescents participated in a longitudinal study in Valencia, Spain. Structural equations modeling (SEM) was employed to explore a two-wave longitudinal model. The results show that femininity relates to reactive aggression through regulatory emotional self-efficacy and emotion regulation. This way, both emotional self-efficacy and emotional regulation mediate the relation between femininity and reactive aggression. Furthermore, reactive and proactive aggression relate positively and directly to masculinity and negatively to femininity. Therefore, violence prevention programs with adolescents should incorporate information to break down gender stereotypes and promote strategies to manage emotions. Such efforts may be helpful to reduce aggressive behaviors and violence. View Full-Text
Keywords: reactive aggression; proactive aggression; masculinity; femininity; regulatory emotional self-efficacy; emotion regulations; adolescence reactive aggression; proactive aggression; masculinity; femininity; regulatory emotional self-efficacy; emotion regulations; adolescence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Malonda-Vidal, E.; Samper-García, P.; Llorca-Mestre, A.; Muñoz-Navarro, R.; Mestre-Escrivá, V. Traditional Masculinity and Aggression in Adolescence: Its Relationship with Emotional Processes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189802

AMA Style

Malonda-Vidal E, Samper-García P, Llorca-Mestre A, Muñoz-Navarro R, Mestre-Escrivá V. Traditional Masculinity and Aggression in Adolescence: Its Relationship with Emotional Processes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189802

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malonda-Vidal, Elisabeth, Paula Samper-García, Anna Llorca-Mestre, Roger Muñoz-Navarro, and Vicenta Mestre-Escrivá. 2021. "Traditional Masculinity and Aggression in Adolescence: Its Relationship with Emotional Processes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189802

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