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Article

The Cotton Dust-Related Allergic Asthma: Prevalence and Associated Factors among Textile Workers in Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam

1
Faculty of Public Health, Haiphong University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Haiphong 04212, Vietnam
2
Department of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 11521, Vietnam
3
Department of Occupational Diseases, National Institute of Occupational and Environmental Health, Hanoi 11611, Vietnam
4
Department of Research and Training, Tam Anh Hospital, Hanoi 11813, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luigi Vimercati
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9813; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189813
Received: 1 August 2021 / Revised: 9 September 2021 / Accepted: 12 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution: Occupational Exposure and Public Health)
Objective: To determine the prevalence of cotton dust-related allergic asthma and associated factors among textile workers in Nam Dinh province, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1082 workers in two textile garment companies using the asthma diagnostic criteria of the GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) 2016 guidelines. Results: Among study participants, 11.9% had suspected asthma symptoms, 7.4% were diagnosed with asthma, and 4.3% (3.6% in men and 4.5% in women) were diagnosed with cotton dust-related allergic asthma. Overweight, seniority more than 10 years, history of asthma, allergic rhinitis, family history of allergy, and exposure to cotton dust from more than one hour per day in the working environment were found to be important predictors of cotton dust-related allergic asthma among textile workers. Conclusions: Textile workers in two companies in Nam Dinh, Vietnam had a high prevalence of dust-related allergic asthma compared to estimates from the general population. There is a need to design appropriate measures of prevention, screening, and care for dust-related asthma in the textile industry. Further evaluation with better exposure assessment is necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: allergic asthma; cotton dust; textile workers; Nam Dinh; Vietnam allergic asthma; cotton dust; textile workers; Nam Dinh; Vietnam
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ha, T.T.T.; Hanh, B.M.; Van Son, N.; Giang, H.T.; Hai, N.T.; Thuc, V.M.; Khue, P.M. The Cotton Dust-Related Allergic Asthma: Prevalence and Associated Factors among Textile Workers in Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9813. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189813

AMA Style

Ha TTT, Hanh BM, Van Son N, Giang HT, Hai NT, Thuc VM, Khue PM. The Cotton Dust-Related Allergic Asthma: Prevalence and Associated Factors among Textile Workers in Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9813. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189813

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ha, Tran T.T., Bui M. Hanh, Nguyen Van Son, Hoang T. Giang, Nguyen T. Hai, Vu M. Thuc, and Pham M. Khue 2021. "The Cotton Dust-Related Allergic Asthma: Prevalence and Associated Factors among Textile Workers in Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9813. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189813

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