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Article

The Regime of Rural Ecotourism Stakeholders in Poverty-Stricken Areas of China: Implications for Rural Revitalization

by 1, 2,*, 1 and 1
1
School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2
School of Management, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Santiago Tejedor Calvo and Laura Cervi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9690; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189690
Received: 17 July 2021 / Revised: 4 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism, Sustainability, Health and the Environment)
The rural ecotourism system can be defined as a complex association of stakeholders. This system of rural ecotourism in relatively poor areas of China can influence rural revitalization strategies. The purpose of this study is to plan a rural ecotourism system among the tourism enterprises, local residents and government by using an evolutionary game theory. Based on the theoretical analysis, an evolution game model for the three stakeholders is developed and the evolution process of strategies is described by replicator dynamic equations. Then, a simulation method and case was used to analyze the stability of interactions among the stakeholders and determine an equilibrium solution in the finite rationality case. Finally, specific control strategies were proposed to suppress instability and an ideal evolutionarily stable strategy was obtained. This provides a theoretical basis for achieving a win-win situation among the three parties. The results of this study suggest appropriate roles for stakeholders in the rural ecotourism project that provide management implications for rural tourism activities, local economy and rural revitalization. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural ecotourism; rural revitalization; evolutionary game theory; poverty-stricken areas rural ecotourism; rural revitalization; evolutionary game theory; poverty-stricken areas
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, K.; Xing, Z.; Cao, X.; Li, W. The Regime of Rural Ecotourism Stakeholders in Poverty-Stricken Areas of China: Implications for Rural Revitalization. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9690. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189690

AMA Style

Sun K, Xing Z, Cao X, Li W. The Regime of Rural Ecotourism Stakeholders in Poverty-Stricken Areas of China: Implications for Rural Revitalization. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9690. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189690

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Keke, Zeyu Xing, Xia Cao, and Weijia Li. 2021. "The Regime of Rural Ecotourism Stakeholders in Poverty-Stricken Areas of China: Implications for Rural Revitalization" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9690. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189690

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