Next Article in Journal
A System Dynamics Model for Urban Residential Building Stock towards Sustainability: The Case of Jinan, China
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessment of Force Production in Parkinson’s Disease Subtypes
Previous Article in Journal
Anti-Oxidative and Immune Regulatory Responses of THP-1 and PBMC to Pulsed EMF Are Field-Strength Dependent
Previous Article in Special Issue
Proverbs and Aphorisms in Neurorehabilitation: A Literature Review
Systematic Review

Walking Ability Outcome Measures in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury: A Systematic Review

1
International Doctoral School, Rey Juan Carlos University, 28008 Madrid, Spain
2
Biomechanics and Technical Aids Unit, Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, 45071 Toledo, Spain
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, 28922 Madrid, Spain
4
Department of Applied Mathematics, Materials Science and Engineering and Electronic Technology, School of Science and Technology, Rey Juan Carlos University, Móstoles, 28933 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paulo Henrique Silva Pelicioni
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9517; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189517
Received: 21 July 2021 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 4 September 2021 / Published: 9 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rehabilitation for People with Neurological Disorders)
Walking function recovery in spinal cord injury (SCI) is tackled through several therapeutic approaches in which precise evaluation is essential. A systematic review was performed to provide an updated qualitative review of walking ability outcome measures in SCI and to analyze their psychometric properties. PubMed, Cochrane, and PEDro databases were consulted until 1 April 2020. Seventeen articles written in English were included. Five of them studied the walking index for SCI, four studied the 10 meter walk test, and two studied the six-minute walk test, the timed Up and go test, and the Berg balance scale. The rest of the articles studied the following metrics: gait profile score, spinal cord injury functional ambulation profile, five times sit-to-stand test, spinal cord injury functional ambulation inventory, spinal cord independence measure (indoors and outdoors mobility items), locomotor stages in spinal cord injury, community balance and mobility scale, and activity-based balance level evaluation scale. The choice of a single or a set of metrics should be determined by the clinician. Based on the results obtained in this review, a combination of outcome measures is proposed to assess walking ability. Future work is required to integrate a more realistic environment for walking assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: spinal cord injury; walking ability; outcome measures; psychometric properties spinal cord injury; walking ability; outcome measures; psychometric properties
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sinovas-Alonso, I.; Gil-Agudo, Á.; Cano-de-la-Cuerda, R.; del-Ama, A.J. Walking Ability Outcome Measures in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9517. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189517

AMA Style

Sinovas-Alonso I, Gil-Agudo Á, Cano-de-la-Cuerda R, del-Ama AJ. Walking Ability Outcome Measures in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9517. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189517

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sinovas-Alonso, Isabel, Ángel Gil-Agudo, Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda, and Antonio J. del-Ama. 2021. "Walking Ability Outcome Measures in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9517. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189517

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop