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Review

Resilience, Coping Strategies and Posttraumatic Growth in the Workplace Following COVID-19: A Narrative Review on the Positive Aspects of Trauma

1
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy
2
Business @ Health Laboratory, European University of Rome, 00163 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Human Sciences, European University of Rome, 00163 Rome, Italy
4
School of Occupational Medicine, University of Florence, 50134 Florence, Italy
5
Department of Social Psychology, Universidad de Sevilla, 41004 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luenda E. Charles
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9453; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189453
Received: 6 August 2021 / Revised: 1 September 2021 / Accepted: 4 September 2021 / Published: 8 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Issues in Occupational Health Psychology)
The COVID-19 pandemic represents a traumatic event that has profoundly changed working conditions with detrimental consequences for workers’ health, in particular for the healthcare population directly involved in addressing the emergency. Nevertheless, previous research has demonstrated that traumatic experiences can also lead to positive reactions, stimulating resilience and feelings of growth. The aim of this narrative review is to investigate the positive aspects associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and the possible health prevention and promotion strategies by analyzing the available scientific evidence. In particular, we focus on the constructs of resilience, coping strategies and posttraumatic growth (PTG). A literature search was performed on the PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Psycinfo databases. Forty-six articles were included in the literature synthesis. Psychological resilience is a fundamental variable for reducing and preventing the negative psychological effects of the pandemic and is associated with lower levels of depression, anxiety and burnout. At the individual and organizational level, resilience plays a crucial role in enhancing wellbeing in healthcare and non-healthcare workers. Connected to resilience, adaptive coping strategies are essential for managing the emergency and work-related stress. Several positive factors influencing resilience have been highlighted in the development of PTG. At the same time, high levels of resilience and positive coping strategies can enhance personal growth. Considering the possible long-term coexistence and consequences of COVID-19, organizational interventions should aim to improve workers’ adaptive coping skills, resilience and PTG in order to promote wellbeing. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; SARS-CoV-2; trauma; growth; psychological health; workers’ wellbeing; occupational health and safety COVID-19 pandemic; SARS-CoV-2; trauma; growth; psychological health; workers’ wellbeing; occupational health and safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Finstad, G.L.; Giorgi, G.; Lulli, L.G.; Pandolfi, C.; Foti, G.; León-Perez, J.M.; Cantero-Sánchez, F.J.; Mucci, N. Resilience, Coping Strategies and Posttraumatic Growth in the Workplace Following COVID-19: A Narrative Review on the Positive Aspects of Trauma. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9453. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189453

AMA Style

Finstad GL, Giorgi G, Lulli LG, Pandolfi C, Foti G, León-Perez JM, Cantero-Sánchez FJ, Mucci N. Resilience, Coping Strategies and Posttraumatic Growth in the Workplace Following COVID-19: A Narrative Review on the Positive Aspects of Trauma. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9453. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189453

Chicago/Turabian Style

Finstad, Georgia L., Gabriele Giorgi, Lucrezia G. Lulli, Caterina Pandolfi, Giulia Foti, José M. León-Perez, Francisco J. Cantero-Sánchez, and Nicola Mucci. 2021. "Resilience, Coping Strategies and Posttraumatic Growth in the Workplace Following COVID-19: A Narrative Review on the Positive Aspects of Trauma" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9453. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189453

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