Next Article in Journal
Scaling Up a Community-Based Exercise Program for Women in Difficult Life Situations in Germany—The BIG Project as a Case-Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Human–Animal Interaction and Perinatal Mental Health: A Narrative Review of Selected Literature and Call for Research
Previous Article in Journal
Physical Activity, Physical Well-Being, and Psychological Well-Being: Associations with Life Satisfaction during the COVID-19 Pandemic among Early Childhood Educators
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Perceived Impact of The First UK COVID-19 Lockdown on Companion Animal Welfare and Behaviour: A Mixed-Method Study of Associations with Owner Mental Health
 
 
Review

Animal Assisted Interventions in the Green Care Framework: A Literature Review

1
National Reference Centre for Animal Assisted Interventions, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell’Università 10, 35020 Legnaro, Italy
2
Department of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56122 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Elena Ratschen, Emily Shoesmith and Daniel Mills
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9431; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189431
Received: 29 July 2021 / Revised: 1 September 2021 / Accepted: 3 September 2021 / Published: 7 September 2021
Green Care (GC) and Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI) are recognised practices useful to enhance the wellbeing of people through interaction with nature and animals. This study aims at understanding the interconnections between GC and AAI by analysing deeply which interaction with animals is conducted. Therefore, we carried out a literature search through Web of Science and Google Scholar that allowed retrieval of 993 records; after the PRISMA selection process, 42 were included. Relevant information was extracted: year of publication, geographical location, objectives, settings in agricultural environment, animal species, characteristics of users involved, type of human–animal interaction, coexistence of other activities without animals, animal health and welfare issues. From the review emerged that research on GC with animals is common in high-income countries and that the line between AAI and occupational therapy is often vague. Moreover, the most common setting for these interventions appears to be the farm, and frequently animals involved are not selected according to their ethological characteristics. Users in this context are extremely various and not only involved in activities with animals. Within the included studies, we noted a lack in the consideration of animal welfare that indicates the need for increased awareness among practitioners and a more ethical approach when animals are involved. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal assisted interventions; green care; literature review; ethical approach; animal welfare; human–animal interaction animal assisted interventions; green care; literature review; ethical approach; animal welfare; human–animal interaction
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Galardi, M.; De Santis, M.; Moruzzo, R.; Mutinelli, F.; Contalbrigo, L. Animal Assisted Interventions in the Green Care Framework: A Literature Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9431. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189431

AMA Style

Galardi M, De Santis M, Moruzzo R, Mutinelli F, Contalbrigo L. Animal Assisted Interventions in the Green Care Framework: A Literature Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9431. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189431

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galardi, Morgana, Marta De Santis, Roberta Moruzzo, Franco Mutinelli, and Laura Contalbrigo. 2021. "Animal Assisted Interventions in the Green Care Framework: A Literature Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9431. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189431

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop