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Article

Modifiable Factors for the Trajectory of Health-Related Quality of Life among Youth Growing Up in Poverty: A Prospective Cohort Study

1
Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong
2
Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
3
Department of Social Work, School of Sociology and Anthropology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
4
Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jagdish Khubchandani and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9221; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179221
Received: 24 May 2021 / Revised: 23 August 2021 / Accepted: 29 August 2021 / Published: 1 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Children's Health)
Poverty is a decisive risk factor for poor health and well-being, and its negative consequences could be more severe and substantial among children. Understanding the factors associated with improvement in well-being is vital to design interventions. This is a prospective cohort study of 546 youth growing up in families in poverty in Hong Kong. All participants were assessed twice, in 2016 and 2019, in regard to their physical and mental health, as well as for different economic, social, and psychological variables. The results show that approximately 41% experienced an improvement in their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Findings from the logistic regression analyses suggest that the health and development of youth in poverty may be restored by promoting social support, a sense of hope, future orientation, job stability, and money management practices, such as savings, during childhood and adolescence. The findings shed light on future policy making and forms of service development that could help to end the vicious cycle of poverty and hampered health. View Full-Text
Keywords: poverty; child; health-related quality of life poverty; child; health-related quality of life
MDPI and ACS Style

Chan, K.L.; Lo, C.K.M.; Ho, F.K.; Chen, Q.; Chen, M.; Ip, P. Modifiable Factors for the Trajectory of Health-Related Quality of Life among Youth Growing Up in Poverty: A Prospective Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9221. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179221

AMA Style

Chan KL, Lo CKM, Ho FK, Chen Q, Chen M, Ip P. Modifiable Factors for the Trajectory of Health-Related Quality of Life among Youth Growing Up in Poverty: A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9221. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179221

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chan, Ko L., Camilla K.M. Lo, Frederick K. Ho, Qiqi Chen, Mengtong Chen, and Patrick Ip. 2021. "Modifiable Factors for the Trajectory of Health-Related Quality of Life among Youth Growing Up in Poverty: A Prospective Cohort Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9221. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179221

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