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Article

Pediatric Traffic Injuries on Halloween in the United Kingdom: Prevalence and Injury Severity

1
Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
2
Department of Surgery and Traumatology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, Taiwan
3
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Population Health, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta City 55281, Indonesia
4
Transport Research Institute, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland EH11 4DY, UK
5
Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 110, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9093; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179093
Received: 3 August 2021 / Revised: 19 August 2021 / Accepted: 25 August 2021 / Published: 28 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Traumas)
The study results serve as a reminder for parents, children, and drivers to be alert to the danger of traffic crashes on Halloween. The aim of this study was to examine whether Halloween is associated with a higher incidence of traffic injuries and whether traffic injuries sustained on Halloween are more severe than those sustained on other days. The U.K. STATS19 database, including the data of all road traffic crashes occurring from 1990 to 2017, was employed. A total of 73,587 pediatric traffic casualties (involving pedestrians, cyclists, and moped riders) were included. Between 17:00 and 19:00 (17:00~18:59) on Halloween, the number of casualties was higher than that on other public holidays and usual days. The logistic regression model revealed that, between 17:00 and 18:00 (17:00~17:59), the risk of being killed or seriously injured on Halloween was 34.2% higher (odds ratio = 1.342; 95% CI = 1.065–1.692) than that on other days. Pediatric crashes occurring on Halloween are associated with a higher number of injuries and increased injury severity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Halloween; pediatric traffic injury; injury severity Halloween; pediatric traffic injury; injury severity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hsu, L.-M.; Wiratama, B.S.; Chen, P.-L.; Saleh, W.; Lin, H.-A.; Pai, C.-W. Pediatric Traffic Injuries on Halloween in the United Kingdom: Prevalence and Injury Severity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9093. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179093

AMA Style

Hsu L-M, Wiratama BS, Chen P-L, Saleh W, Lin H-A, Pai C-W. Pediatric Traffic Injuries on Halloween in the United Kingdom: Prevalence and Injury Severity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9093. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179093

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hsu, Li-Min, Bayu S. Wiratama, Ping-Ling Chen, Wafaa Saleh, Hui-An Lin, and Chih-Wei Pai. 2021. "Pediatric Traffic Injuries on Halloween in the United Kingdom: Prevalence and Injury Severity" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9093. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179093

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