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Article

Contamination of Hospital Surfaces with Bacterial Pathogens under the Current COVID-19 Outbreak

1
Federal State Budget Institution “National Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology Named after Honorary Academician N F Gamaleya” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 123098 Moscow, Russia
2
Department of Virology, Biological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
3
Department of Infectious Diseases, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 117198 Moscow, Russia
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Department of Infectiology and Virology, Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I M Sechenov, First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), 119435 Moscow, Russia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zahid Ahmad Butt
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9042; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179042
Received: 16 June 2021 / Revised: 18 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 27 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease Epidemiology)
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic remains a global health issue for several reasons, such as the low vaccination rates and a lack of developed herd immunity to the evolution of SARS-CoV-2, as well as its potential inclination to elude neutralizing antibodies. It should be noted that the severity of the COVID-19 disease is significantly affected by the presence of co-infections. Comorbid conditions are caused not only by pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms but also by some representatives of the environmental microbiome. The presence of patients with moderate and severe forms of the disease in hospitals indicates the need for epidemiological monitoring of (1) bacterial pathogens circulating in hospitals, especially the ESKAPE group pathogens, and (2) the microbiome of various surfaces in hospitals. In our study, we used combined methods based on PCR and NGS sequencing, which are widely used for epidemiological monitoring. Through this approach, we identified the DNA of pathogenic bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, CoNS, and Achromobacter spp.) on various surfaces. We also estimated the microbiome diversity of surfaces and identified the potential reservoirs of infections using 16S rRNA profiling. Although we did not assess the viability of identified microorganisms, our results indicate the possible risks of insufficient regular disinfection of surfaces, regardless of department, at the Infectious Diseases Hospital. Controlling the transmission of nosocomial diseases is critical to the successful treatment of COVID-19 patients, the rational use of antimicrobial drugs, and timely decontamination measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface contamination; hospital infection; microbiome; COVID-19 surface contamination; hospital infection; microbiome; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pochtovyi, A.A.; Vasina, D.V.; Kustova, D.D.; Divisenko, E.V.; Kuznetsova, N.A.; Burgasova, O.A.; Kolobukhina, L.V.; Tkachuk, A.P.; Gushchin, V.A.; Gintsburg, A.L. Contamination of Hospital Surfaces with Bacterial Pathogens under the Current COVID-19 Outbreak. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9042. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179042

AMA Style

Pochtovyi AA, Vasina DV, Kustova DD, Divisenko EV, Kuznetsova NA, Burgasova OA, Kolobukhina LV, Tkachuk AP, Gushchin VA, Gintsburg AL. Contamination of Hospital Surfaces with Bacterial Pathogens under the Current COVID-19 Outbreak. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9042. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pochtovyi, Andrei A., Daria V. Vasina, Daria D. Kustova, Elizaveta V. Divisenko, Nadezhda A. Kuznetsova, Olga A. Burgasova, Ludmila V. Kolobukhina, Artem P. Tkachuk, Vladimir A. Gushchin, and Alexander L. Gintsburg 2021. "Contamination of Hospital Surfaces with Bacterial Pathogens under the Current COVID-19 Outbreak" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9042. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179042

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