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Article

Employment Transitions and Mental Health in a Cohort of 45 Years and Older Australians

1
Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2571, Australia
2
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Matthew C. Lohman and Karen Fortuna
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9030; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179030
Received: 6 August 2021 / Revised: 22 August 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 27 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology and Mental Health among Older Adults)
Background: This study investigated the associations between employment transitions and psychological distress among a cohort of 45 years and older Australians. Methods: This study was based on the 45 and Up Study, a large prospective cohort of participants aged 45 years and older (N = 267,153), followed up over the period 2006–2015. The risk of psychological distress was compared between various employment transitions categories by specifying an ordered logistic regression model adjusting for confounders. Results: Compared to participants who remained employed at baseline and follow-up, higher psychological distress was found among those who transitioned from being employed to unemployed (OR = 2.68, 95%CI 2.13–3.33) and to not being in the labour force or retired (OR = 2.21, 95%CI 1.85–2.62). Higher psychological distress was also evident among those who remained unemployed from baseline to follow-up (OR = 2.00, 95%CI 1.10–3.43), and those who transitioned from being retired to being unemployed (OR = 1.55, 95%CI 1.03–2.27). Conversely, lower psychological distress was found among those who transitioned from being unemployed to being employed (OR = 0.35, 95%CI 0.25–0.51). In general, lower psychological distress was found among ‘positive’ employment transitions (transitioning to being employed or retired). Conclusions: Policies focussing on re-employment in older age, as well as unemployment schemes, might be helpful in reducing psychological distress among middle- and old-age Australians. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; employment transitions; psychological distress; unemployment mental health; employment transitions; psychological distress; unemployment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arya, V.; Sperandei, S.; Spittal, M.J.; Page, A. Employment Transitions and Mental Health in a Cohort of 45 Years and Older Australians. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179030

AMA Style

Arya V, Sperandei S, Spittal MJ, Page A. Employment Transitions and Mental Health in a Cohort of 45 Years and Older Australians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arya, Vikas, Sandro Sperandei, Matthew J. Spittal, and Andrew Page. 2021. "Employment Transitions and Mental Health in a Cohort of 45 Years and Older Australians" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179030

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