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Article

Prevalence and Correlates of Muscle-Strengthening Activity Participation in Croatia: A Cross-Sectional Study in a National Representative Sample of 4561 Adults

1
Andrija Stampar Teaching Institute of Public Health, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC 80001, Australia
3
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pantelis T. Nikolaidis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 8905; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18178905
Received: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 August 2021 / Published: 24 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Exercise and Health)
The World Health Organization recommends adults to engage in muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) at least two times per week. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of MSA in Croatian adults. We analysed self-reported data collected among 4561 Croatians aged ≥18 years within the European Health Interview Survey (EHIS wave 2). We calculated the weighted prevalence of meeting the MSA guidelines, and odds ratios for different population groups, adjusted for a range of sociodemographic and lifestyle variables in a multivariable logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of meeting the MSA guidelines was 8.0% (95% CI: 7.2, 8.8) in the overall sample, 5.4% (95% CI: 4.5, 6.4) among females, and 10.9% (95% CI: 9.6, 12.3) among males. We found significantly lower odds of meeting the MSA guidelines for females, older age groups, inhabitants of sparsely populated areas, those with a low education level, obese individuals, and those who did not rate their health as “very good” (p < 0.05 for all). The vast majority of Croatian adults do not meet the MSA guidelines. Public health initiatives to promote MSA in Croatia should focus on females, seniors, sparsely populated areas, people with low education, obese individuals, and those with impaired health. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical inactivity; motor activity; exercise; resistance training; surveillance physical inactivity; motor activity; exercise; resistance training; surveillance
MDPI and ACS Style

Radašević, H.; Čvrljak, J.; Pedišić, Ž.; Jurakić, D. Prevalence and Correlates of Muscle-Strengthening Activity Participation in Croatia: A Cross-Sectional Study in a National Representative Sample of 4561 Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8905. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18178905

AMA Style

Radašević H, Čvrljak J, Pedišić Ž, Jurakić D. Prevalence and Correlates of Muscle-Strengthening Activity Participation in Croatia: A Cross-Sectional Study in a National Representative Sample of 4561 Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):8905. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18178905

Chicago/Turabian Style

Radašević, Hrvoje, Jelena Čvrljak, Željko Pedišić, and Danijel Jurakić. 2021. "Prevalence and Correlates of Muscle-Strengthening Activity Participation in Croatia: A Cross-Sectional Study in a National Representative Sample of 4561 Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 8905. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18178905

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