Next Article in Journal
Effects of Online Learning on Nursing Students in South Korea during COVID-19
Next Article in Special Issue
Physiotherapy Rehabilitation in Subjects Diagnosed with Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Does Not Normalize Periscapular and Rotator Cuff Muscle Onset Time of Activation
Previous Article in Journal
Facing the Growing COVID-19 Infodemic: Digital Health Literacy and Information-Seeking Behaviour of University Students in Slovenia
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Call to Clarify the Intensity and Classification of Standing Behavior
 
 
Review

Associations of Sedentary Time with Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

1
Department of Exercise Physiology, College of Sport Sciences and Physical Activity, King Saud University, King Khalid Rd, Riyadh 80200, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
3
Department of Health and Human Development, School of Education, University of Pittsburgh, 140 Trees Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
4
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
5
Human Sciences Research Centre, University of Derby, Derby DE22 1GB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8508; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168508
Received: 2 July 2021 / Revised: 7 August 2021 / Accepted: 9 August 2021 / Published: 12 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Rehabilitation)
Purpose: To evaluate if sedentary time (ST) is associated with heart rate (HR) and variability (HRV) in adults. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed and Google Scholar through June 2020. Inclusion criteria were observational design, humans, adults, English language, ST as the exposure, resting HR/HRV as the outcome, and (meta-analysis only) availability of the quantitative association with variability. After qualitative synthesis, meta-analysis used inverse variance heterogeneity models to estimate pooled associations. Results: Thirteen and eight articles met the criteria for the systematic review and meta-analysis, respectively. All studies were cross-sectional and few used gold standard ST or HRV assessment methodology. The qualitative synthesis suggested no associations between ST and HR/HRV. The meta-analysis found a significant association between ST and HR (β = 0.24 bpm per hour ST; CI: 0.10, 0.37) that was stronger in males (β = 0.36 bpm per hour ST; CI: 0.19, 0.53). Pooled associations between ST and HRV indices were non-significant (p > 0.05). Substantial heterogeneity was detected. Conclusions: The limited available evidence suggests an unfavorable but not clinically meaningful association between ST and HR, but no association with HRV. Future longitudinal studies assessing ST with thigh-based monitoring and HRV with electrocardiogram are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: heart rate variability; sedentary time; lifestyle behaviors; autonomic regulation; vagal activity heart rate variability; sedentary time; lifestyle behaviors; autonomic regulation; vagal activity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Alansare, A.B.; Bates, L.C.; Stoner, L.; Kline, C.E.; Nagle, E.; Jennings, J.R.; Hanson, E.D.; Faghy, M.A.; Gibbs, B.B. Associations of Sedentary Time with Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168508

AMA Style

Alansare AB, Bates LC, Stoner L, Kline CE, Nagle E, Jennings JR, Hanson ED, Faghy MA, Gibbs BB. Associations of Sedentary Time with Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168508

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alansare, Abdullah Bandar, Lauren C. Bates, Lee Stoner, Christopher E. Kline, Elizabeth Nagle, J. Richard Jennings, Erik D. Hanson, Mark A. Faghy, and Bethany Barone Gibbs. 2021. "Associations of Sedentary Time with Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168508

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop