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Article

Active Coping and Anxiety Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spanish Adults

1
Departamento Psicología Social, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Grupo de Investigación Psicología de la Salud/Medicina Conductual (CTS-267), Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Psychology Department, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Santa Marta 110000, Colombia
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Grupo de Investigación Estudios Sociales Interdisciplinares-ESI, Santa Marta 110000, Colombia
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Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Centro de Salud de Torredonjimeno, 23000 Jaén, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Benito León del Barco, Damián Iglesias Gallego and Jerónimo González-Bernal
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8240; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168240
Received: 9 June 2021 / Revised: 28 June 2021 / Accepted: 29 June 2021 / Published: 4 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in Physical Activity Domain and Psychological Health)
The features of the COVID-19 pandemic and the social operations to contain the spread of the virus might have limited or altered coping, including healthy habits such as exercise, this contributing to a myriad of negative consequences for the mental health of the global population. We explored the contribution of coping and physical activity to the management of anxiety in Spanish adults during an active phase of the epidemic, as well as the relationship between these strategies. A total of 200 young and adult individuals (70% women) voluntarily completed an anxiety inventory, a coping skills self-report and a personal data section including exercise practice. The participants reported in average a mild yet existing level of anxiety symptoms; a third reported noticeable symptoms. At the time of the study, the participants used more adaptive than maladaptive coping styles. Participants’ anxiety was inversely correlated with an active coping style, and positively with an avoidant style; physical activity correlated positively with an active coping style, and regular exercisers used more frequently active coping. Controlling for confounders, active coping, avoidant coping and exercise during the pandemic predicted anxiety symptoms. Other findings indicated that exercise was used as a coping strategy for dealing with emotional distress. Our results highlight the positive impact of functional coping and exercise for the management of negative states such as anxiety during the pandemic, and underline the importance of developing interventions aimed at enhancing coping skills for promoting physical and mental well-being of the population during health and social crises. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; coping; exercise; COVID-19; mental health anxiety; coping; exercise; COVID-19; mental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lara, R.; Fernández-Daza, M.; Zabarain-Cogollo, S.; Olivencia-Carrión, M.A.; Jiménez-Torres, M.; Olivencia-Carrión, M.D.; Ogallar-Blanco, A.; Godoy-Izquierdo, D. Active Coping and Anxiety Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spanish Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168240

AMA Style

Lara R, Fernández-Daza M, Zabarain-Cogollo S, Olivencia-Carrión MA, Jiménez-Torres M, Olivencia-Carrión MD, Ogallar-Blanco A, Godoy-Izquierdo D. Active Coping and Anxiety Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spanish Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168240

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lara, Raquel, Martha Fernández-Daza, Sara Zabarain-Cogollo, María A. Olivencia-Carrión, Manuel Jiménez-Torres, María D. Olivencia-Carrión, Adelaida Ogallar-Blanco, and Débora Godoy-Izquierdo. 2021. "Active Coping and Anxiety Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spanish Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168240

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