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Factors Associated with Financial Security, Food Security and Quality of Daily Lives of Residents in Nigeria during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic

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Mental Health and Wellness Study Group, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife 220282, Nigeria
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Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife 220282, Nigeria
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Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife 220282, Nigeria
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Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21527, Egypt
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Department of Social Medicine, Population and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside, CA 92501, USA
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Department of Clinical Sciences, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Lagos 101212, Nigeria
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Institute for Research on Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Sierra Sur, Oaxaca 70805, Mexico
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Government College for Women, Moulana Azad Road, Srinagar Kashmir, J&K 190001, India
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Department of Health Policy Planning and Management, University of Health and Allied Sciences, PMB 31 Ho, Ghana
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Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Syrian Private University, Damascus 36822, Syria
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Centre for Rural Health, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4001, South Africa
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Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
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School of Biological Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
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Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200212, Nigeria
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School of Health and Life Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, London E142BE, UK
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Department of Economic and Human Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, University of Szeged, H-6722 Szeged, Hungary
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Department of Psychology, Faculty of Environment, Management and Social Sciences, Lead City University, Ibadan 200255, Nigeria
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Division of Dental Public Health, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Maternity & Childhood Nursing, College of Nursing, Taibah University, Madinah 42223, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Family and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Doctoral School of Health Sciences, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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Institute of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland
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Post Graduate School, University of Sierra Sur, Oaxaca 70800, Mexico
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Research Development and Innovations, Assistant Regional Director Cluster, WHO Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville BP 06, Congo
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Department of Family Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 91803, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Abolfazl Mollalo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7925; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157925
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 16 July 2021 / Accepted: 18 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Spatial Epidemiology of COVID-19)
An online survey was conducted to identify factors associated with financial insecurity, food insecurity and poor quality of daily lives of adults in Nigeria during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The associations between the outcome (experience of financial loss, changes in food intake and impact of the pandemic on daily lives) and the explanatory (age, sex, education level, anxiety, depression, HIV status) variables were determined using logistic regression analysis. Of the 4439 respondents, 2487 (56.0%) were financially insecure, 907 (20.4%) decreased food intake and 4029 (90.8%) had their daily life negatively impacted. Males (AOR:0.84), people who felt depressed (AOR:0.62) and people living with HIV -PLHIV- (AOR:0.70) had significantly lower odds of financial insecurity. Older respondents (AOR:1.01) had significantly higher odds of financial insecurity. Those depressed (AOR:0.62) and PLHIV (AOR:0.55) had significantly lower odds of reporting decreased food intake. Respondents who felt anxious (AOR:0.07), depressed (AOR: 0.48) and who were PLHIV (AOR:0.68) had significantly lower odds of reporting a negative impact of the pandemic on their daily lives. We concluded the study findings may reflect a complex relationship between financial insecurity, food insecurity, poor quality of life, mental health, and socioeconomic status of adults living in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; economic security; depression; anxiety; financial security; pandemic; HIV; AIDS; Nigeria SARS-CoV-2; economic security; depression; anxiety; financial security; pandemic; HIV; AIDS; Nigeria
MDPI and ACS Style

Folayan, M.O.; Ibigbami, O.; El Tantawi, M.; Brown, B.; Aly, N.M.; Ezechi, O.; Abeldaño, G.F.; Ara, E.; Ayanore, M.A.; Ellakany, P.; Gaffar, B.; Al-Khanati, N.M.; Idigbe, I.; Ishabiyi, A.O.; Jafer, M.; Khan, A.T.-A.; Khalid, Z.; Lawal, F.B.; Lusher, J.; Nzimande, N.P.; Osamika, B.E.; Quadri, M.F.A.; Roque, M.; Al-Tammemi, A.B.; Yousaf, M.A.; Virtanen, J.I.; Zuñiga, R.A.A.; Okeibunor, J.C.; Nguyen, A.L. Factors Associated with Financial Security, Food Security and Quality of Daily Lives of Residents in Nigeria during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7925. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157925

AMA Style

Folayan MO, Ibigbami O, El Tantawi M, Brown B, Aly NM, Ezechi O, Abeldaño GF, Ara E, Ayanore MA, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Al-Khanati NM, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi AO, Jafer M, Khan AT-A, Khalid Z, Lawal FB, Lusher J, Nzimande NP, Osamika BE, Quadri MFA, Roque M, Al-Tammemi AB, Yousaf MA, Virtanen JI, Zuñiga RAA, Okeibunor JC, Nguyen AL. Factors Associated with Financial Security, Food Security and Quality of Daily Lives of Residents in Nigeria during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7925. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157925

Chicago/Turabian Style

Folayan, Morenike O., Olanrewaju Ibigbami, Maha El Tantawi, Brandon Brown, Nourhan M. Aly, Oliver Ezechi, Giuliana F. Abeldaño, Eshrat Ara, Martin A. Ayanore, Passent Ellakany, Balgis Gaffar, Nuraldeen M. Al-Khanati, Ifeoma Idigbe, Anthonia O. Ishabiyi, Mohammed Jafer, Abeedha T.-A. Khan, Zumama Khalid, Folake B. Lawal, Joanne Lusher, Ntombifuthi P. Nzimande, Bamidele E. Osamika, Mir F.A. Quadri, Mark Roque, Ala’a B. Al-Tammemi, Muhammad A. Yousaf, Jorma I. Virtanen, Roberto A.A. Zuñiga, Joseph C. Okeibunor, and Annie L. Nguyen. 2021. "Factors Associated with Financial Security, Food Security and Quality of Daily Lives of Residents in Nigeria during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7925. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157925

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