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The Lifestyle of Saudi Medical Students

College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh 13317-4233, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: María M. Morales Suárez-Varela and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7869;
Received: 25 June 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 23 July 2021 / Published: 25 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
This study was conducted to investigate medical students’ lifestyle habits, including sleep quality, eating and drinking patterns, physical activity, and social status. Method: This research project is part two of a multi-institutional cross-sectional observational study conducted among medical students from six medical colleges in Saudi Arabia between September and December 2019. Results: 675 medical students were enrolled electively into the lifestyle study. About half of this number were male students and the majority were aged 18–24 years. Most students (87.6%) slept between 4–8 h a day and over 44% were dissatisfied with their sleep. Only 28.1% had three meals a day; about 40% of them usually or always skipped breakfast. A total of 44% usually or always ate fast food and 44.7% drank 2 L of water per day. Moreover, male students were significantly consuming more fast food than females, p < 0.001. The majority (63.3%) revealed they usually or always drink black coffee daily. Females were significantly more inclined to regular coffee consumption than males, p < 0.001. Only 4.3% exercised for 30 min or more daily. The majority (65%) of the students were introverted; they had few close friends. Yet, 81% were somewhat satisfied or satisfied with their social life. Male students were significantly more satisfied with their social life than females, p = 0.001. Only 4.6% smoked cigarettes daily whereas 7.1% smoked e-cigarettes daily. In contrast, only 0.3% used shisha (hookah) daily. Male medical students were substantially more inclined to e-cigarette use than females (p < 0.001). The top five leisure activities of a medical student were surfing social media (75.9%), watching movies (61.3%), hanging out with friends (58.1%), spending time with their family (55.4%), and browsing the Internet (53.6%). Female medical students were significantly more inclined to surf social media than male medical students, p = 0.022; also, watching movies was preferred for females compared to males, p = 0.006. Conclusion: This study revealed that the majority of these medical students in Saudi Arabia exhibited healthy lifestyles to some extent, and these health-promoting behaviors differed based on sex, especially concerning physical activity and eating patterns. The findings of this study provide relevant information for future actions that will be geared towards effectively decreasing the occurrence of chronic illnesses and improving future doctors’ well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: Saudi Arabia; lifestyles; medical students; medical education Saudi Arabia; lifestyles; medical students; medical education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bin Abdulrahman, K.A.; Khalaf, A.M.; Bin Abbas, F.B.; Alanezi, O.T. The Lifestyle of Saudi Medical Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7869.

AMA Style

Bin Abdulrahman KA, Khalaf AM, Bin Abbas FB, Alanezi OT. The Lifestyle of Saudi Medical Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7869.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bin Abdulrahman, Khalid A., Ahmad M. Khalaf, Fahad B. Bin Abbas, and Omran T. Alanezi 2021. "The Lifestyle of Saudi Medical Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7869.

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